Needle Exchange Programs: Effective Or Ineffective?

2504 words - 11 pages

Although needle exchange programs have been successful, they have had some criticism. One of the main goals in the needle exchange program is to prevent or to reduce the rate of transmission of any infectious diseases, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C by distributing sterile syringes. The intended group that this program is trying to focus on is injecting drug users, since they have a high rate of either repeatedly using a contaminated syringe or sharing the same syringe with others. These programs do not only focus on distributing syringes to those who choose to accept them, some of the programs provide different services such as, counseling groups, education classes about the risk of using contaminated syringes, free medical visits, and HIV testing. On the other hand, some people may be against these types of programs because they are allowing injection drug users to continue to use drugs. Another reason why people may not be as accepting of the needle exchange programs is due to the fact that these programs are government funded.
The study conducted by MacNeil & Pauly (2011) focused on the perspective of the people who use the needle exchange programs in Canada. To receive the data from the injecting drug users, the researchers first recruited most of their participants from four needle exchange sites. There were a total of 33 people who participated (23 men and 10 women) in this study. The average age of the participants was 40.3 years of age, for men, the average was 43, whereas for women it was 34 years old. The participants were either homeless or were on government assistance programs. Out of the 33 participants, six of them reported being HIV positive (18%) and 16 reported being diagnosed with hepatitis C. The length of time that the participant’s have been injecting drugs varied from six months to over 20 years. The most common drugs that the participants reported using was heroin and cocaine. During the study, the researchers gather their data by interviewing the participants and doing focus groups. Finally, the researcher’s analyzed their data by using qualitative descriptive analysis. Once the researchers finished asking the participants questions and listening to them, the answers were interpreted and coded. In this study it explained why the participants began injecting drugs, whether it was for pleasure or to numb the pain that they were feeling, whether it was emotional or physical pain. Although they were aware of the consequences of using drugs, they did not stop because it was a way for them to cope with what was happening to them. The participants reported needle exchange programs being a safe haven, in where they feel like it's a community that can give them access to sterile syringes and not judge for being injection drug users. This study focused on how drug users not only receive clean needles, but also had different services such as clinic visits, assistance with welfare applications, and...

Find Another Essay On Needle Exchange Programs: Effective or Ineffective?

The Needle-Exchange Program: The Wrong Answer to Drug Abuse

2989 words - 12 pages shared with another person. The hope that providing a way for drug abusers to gain legal access to clean needles will eventually prevent or eliminate blood-borne diseases such as HIV is only that, hope. Although there are convincing arguments in favor of the prohibition of needle-exchange programs in the United States, there are many who may disagree. Many argue the contention that, while illegal drug use is bad, the spread of deadly disease is

Current Issues of Needles and Syringes Exchange Program

1148 words - 5 pages law and regulation on the use of the syringe and needle exchange program. References Needle exchange programs : considerations for Criminal Justice. (2000). Retrieved from http://harmreduction.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/NEPcriminaljusticeCIPP.pdf Polk, D & Wardwell, L.L.P. (2009). Syringe exchange programs around the world: The global context. Cahill, S. (Ed). Retrieved from http://www.gmhc.org/files/editor/file/gmhc_intl_seps.pdf

Fixed Needle Exchange Shutdown

1870 words - 7 pages that of Vancouver (Cleverley, 2010). The sharing and use of dirty needles contributes to the spread of hepatitis C and HIV, which is a huge concern when it comes to public health (Cleverley, 2010). In order to re-establish and an effective well-run fixed needle exchange that will solely focus on providing a safe injection site to address the public health and public disorder the business community, health officials and the city need to work

Needle and Syringes Programme

1294 words - 5 pages increase health problems may need to be modified or exchanged for policies that are likely to improve public health. For example, in many countries, laws present direct problems to HIV prevention efforts, especially related to needle and syringe provision, outreach and drug substitution programs (Burrow, 2000). These laws need to be addressed to ensure that effective HIV prevention can occur. Drug users are more likely to change their HIV-risk

CLEAN NEEDLES BENEFIT SOCIETY/PROGRAMS DON'T MAKE SENSE

581 words - 2 pages sharing needles. Both premises logically lead to the conclusion that the needle exchange should be encouraged because it is cheaper than the cost of Aids treatment.Article 2: PROGRAMS DON'T MAKE SENSE1. Identify at least two arguments.Argument 1:•It's wrong to attempt to ease one crisis by reinforcing another.2. Outline the argument premises and conclusions.Premises:•Inconclusive data on experimental needle-distribution programs is no

Clean Needle Program

641 words - 3 pages In an article entitled: Man who hands out clean needles in San Antonio threatened with jail time the author, Miguel Bustillo argues that, “Needle-exchange programs have been controversial.” Critics claim that they encourage drug use and send a bad message about the government’s war on drugs. Although, some studies have questioned needle-exchange effectiveness, most research has found that the programs reduce transmission of

Syringe Exchange Programs: A Matter of Public Health

2358 words - 10 pages politics takes precedence over saving lives”. Since Washington’s lawmakers request in 1988 for research on Syringe Exchange Programs, unbeatable scientific evidences has proven that SEPs do not encourage drug use. In fact the programs are effective in reducing the number of new HIV cases among IDUs and in most cases lead to the recovery of some addicts. Our government doesn’t permit overweight individuals to just die because they choose food

Reducing the Harm of America?s Drug Problem

2501 words - 10 pages HIV/AIDS. Many IV drug users are unable or unwilling to discontinue use. Needle exchange programs have been working for years to reduce the spread of infectious diseases among these drug users by allowing them to exchange used needles for new clean ones. These programs are also beneficial because they provide critical contact between otherwise hard to reach drug users and outreach services. If clean needles are available free of charge to drug

Discarded Needles, A Danger for Children

997 words - 4 pages accidental needle stick injuries. Further, safe rigid containers designed to minimize the risks of needle disposal should be distributed at the same time patients receive intravenous medications and equipment. These containers like the Sharps Recovery System, are tailored to allow secure transport of hazardous material in postage-paid packages for easy disposal. Alternately, programs that allow home pick-up by city health or sanitation

The Rising of HIV/AIDS in the United States Population

1234 words - 5 pages exchange programs are a great way to prevent transmission (Rosenberg MM20). These programs provide intravenous drug users with clean needles, in exchange for their used ones (Rosenberg MM20). A study was done among 99 cities worldwide, some with the program and some without it (Rosenberg MM20). The cities with the program saw a decrease in HIV rates among needle drug users by 19 percent a year; while the cities without it saw an increase of 8

Establishment of Needle and Syringe in Prisons

2131 words - 9 pages , Department of health period ending Volume11(1) 31st of December 2013). Blood borne diseases being a major concern all around the globe and prisons being a hub for these diseases its best that NSPs are introduced in prisons. About Blood borne diseases Benefit to government Most effective method: In Australia the Government uses three methods to tackle drugs; Demand reduction, supply reduction and harm minimization. Needle and syringe programs are

Similar Essays

Purpose Of Needle Exchange Programs Essay

962 words - 4 pages The main purpose of needle exchange programs are based on that idea that access to sterile needles will significantly reduce needle sharing and will in turn reduce HIV transmission. It is also believed that implementing needle exchange programs will allow more opportunities for other forms of HIV prevention education to come about and increase people’s access to HIV treatment services. These exchange programs have opened up plenty of things that

Needle Exchange Programs And The Fight Against Hiv/Aids

1517 words - 7 pages This paper will be concerned with the issue of having needle-exchange programs (NEPs) in the United States, for the purpose of encouraging injection drug users (IDUs) to engage in safer practices. Specifically, this paper will address the question of whether or not such programs are a desirable policy for reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. This topic was chosen because it is evident that something needs to be done to stop the spread of AIDS, a

Needle Exchange: An Effective Strategy To Prevent Disease Transmission Without Increasing Drug Usage.

4343 words - 17 pages effective at reducing the transmission of HIV and other bloodborne illness through needle re-use and/or sharing and that they do not increase drug use." (p. 4) Another study Hurley and Jolley (1997) measured HIV infection is 81 cities worldwide, some with needle exchange programs, some without, over a two year time period. Over the two years duration of this study in "cities with NEPs HIV seroprevalence among injection drug users decreased on

Narrative In "The Great Gatsby" Essay Question: How Is Nick And Ineffective Or Effective Narrator In "The Great Gatsby"

1085 words - 4 pages as "Conducted themselves according to the rules of behavior associated with an amusement park" (54) This an many other example throughout the novel show that behind the lavish and extravagant cover lies the true values and morals of society in the 1920's. Nicks position within and without the dramatic situation in the novel, aids greatly to his effective narrating and direction of the reader's interest throughout the novel. Nick's position in