Needless Animal Experimentation is Wrong
If penicillin had been tested on guinea pigs, it might never have reached the public. It is lethal to guinea pigs, deactivates the blood system of rabbits and is deadly to cats ("Bio-Medical Research"). Scientists are pushing for more experiments regardless of the cost to the animal's life. "One expense is the involvement of killing animals in the pursuit of a pine-scented air freshener"(Vergoth,p21).
Animals suffering in experimentation labs are in just and cruel to animals. It is wrong to harm an innocent animal of any wrong doing, when the animal doesn't know right from wrong. It is argued that people have an obligation to animals, so that we can protect their welfare.
Charles Fried claims "physical harm as an impingement upon the body which either causes pain or impairs functioning" (Fox, p85). Many animals experience pain, and sometimes death, during lab experiments. No animal experiments can be justified. Animals have helped in some ways, such as the discovery of the polio vaccine.
Vivisection can be defined as an invasive experiment performed on an animal for the purpose of scientific research, product testing or education ("The National. . ."). Vivisection is extremely wrong because it causes pain and suffering on animals. Animals are entitled to be free from acts of cruelty. Animals, however, are important in research because their body systems are almost identical to humans. The use of dogs developed open-heart surgical techniques, coronary bypass surgery, and heart transplantation. Animals have helped in some ways, such as the discovery of the polio vaccine.
The pulsing pain of electrodes planted in a chimps' brain is repulsive. The death of a tortured raccoon caught in a leg trap is agonizing. This is why animal experiments are so wrong. Some might say that all animals are resources.
More than five billion dollars of federal tax revenue are spent annually on animal research ("Bio-Medical Research"). With that money there could be drug rehabilitation programs, nutrition counseling for the disadvantaged, or even improving water and air quality; but instead animals get experimented on. Animals, like the rest of nature, were understood not have any sort of value, except to bring enjoyment to lives. Animal life has some value (Frey, p27).
Scientists test products on animals to see if they are safe, or if any side effects may occur. Many different companies use tests on animals, such as: the Draize Test and the LD-50, or Lethal Dose 50 Percent.
The Draize Test is used to measure the harmfulness of chemicals found in household products and cosmetics, by observing the damage they cause to the eyes and skin of animals ("Product Testing"). Albino rabbits are used for the eye irritancy of a solution. The rabbits suffer extreme pain, mutilation and blindness. Often the rabbits' eyes are held open with metal clips. The damage to their eyes are irreparable and leave the...