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Negative Effects Of Genetic Engineering Essay

942 words - 4 pages

Genetic engineering is the modification of an organism’s genetic composition by artificial means, often involving the transfer of specific traits, or genes, from one organism into a plant or animal of an entirely different species. Genetic engineering offers the promise of such things as cures for disease and the creation of a better world. However, although some people believe that humans will be able to use the powers given by new biotechnologies to create an enlightened society, it is more likely that they will be used for destructive purposes. “If genetic engineers can discover how to redesign human beings, the result will be people with the worst characteristics of humanity. At that point, equipped with the new powers conferred by biotechnology, we will be what [Russian Communist leader Vladimir] Lenin could only dream of becoming—engineers of souls (Gray).” “Humanity will be unable to reach a global consensus on the uses of genetic engineering, and the development of science and technology will continue to be controlled by economic and military interests, as they have been throughout history. The insidious weapons created through biotechnology will be used in wars of unimaginable brutality (Gray).”
Genetic engineering will be used for destructive purposes because of the technology available. “The military uses of biotechnology could pose a threat comparable to nuclear war (Gray).” In the context of applications of genetic engineering in human life, misuse of this technology in the production of biological warfare or weapons is a very major disadvantage. Compared to normal warfare, nuclear warfare can be vastly more destructive in extent of damage, and in a much shorter time frame. A major nuclear exchange would have long-term effects, primarily from the fallout released, and could also lead to a "nuclear winter" that could last for decades, centuries, or even millennia after the initial attack. Genetic engineering can be used for other bad things such as cloning. Human can live on the Earth relies on the diversity of genes. And the diversity of genes comes from parents having different sets of genes. The most horrendous part of identical genes is that it will weaken our power and adaptations, which make us subjected to great diseases easily. Murderers and rapists could be cloned and unleashed to be used to destroy humankind.
“When discussing the “nature” of an animal it may be useful to consider the Aristotelian concept of telos, which describes the “essence and purpose of a creature (Hormandy, et al).” Genetic engineering of animals hurts innocent and helps creatures. Although genetic engineering helps find cures for diseases and reach new levels in science it has a negative effect on society. Genetic engineering of animals has increased significantly in recent years, and the use of this technology brings with it issues, some of which relate to animal welfare — defined by the World Organization for...

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