Negative stereotypical gender roles
Barkalow (1991) tells us her story that she was in the first class of West Point, which is Military academy, located north of New York city, and during the first year, she often heard back “Mornin’ bitch” after greeting “Good morning sir” to her upperclassmen (Gardner p.219). Those men did not respect Carol Bark because they must have thought that she was weak and impossible to handle harass environment in being trained because of her female sex. Generally, many societies and cultures have created different roles between male and female sexes. In their research, McCubbin and Dahl (1985) state clearly, “men should be brave, strong, ambitious, and aggressive, while keeping their feelings under control; women should be gentle, nurturant, passive, dependent, and expressive of their feelings (Gardner p.198). For many centuries, traditional gender roles have changed; however, societies and cultures are powerful that they try to convince people to keep those roles. Similarly, many authors embrace and support traditional sex roles through their books and movies. Twilight is one of the examples. Hence, Twilight reinforces stereotypical gender roles by portraying a supernatural strong male vampire, Edward, who has the capacity to protect and control his weak and submissive human, Bella; as a result, the author tries to show us that men and women are not equal in society due to their gender and sexuality.
Because traditional cultures expected girls must be virtuous, many vampire tales were made up in order to convince them to stay pure. Young girls were told that if they went out alone at night, evil vampires would catch them and suck their blood. Staying inside the house with parents and keeping windows closed at night would be safe. In addition, purity of a woman prevents vampires attack her. For example, a girl and young boy were deeply in love. The boy unfortunately died and became a vampire, but the girl did not know about this. One night he came at her window and wanted to get into her room when her parents were not home, but he could not get in because her “house was clean and holy,” so he called her to come out by speaking the voice and words that he used to do. Thus, he led her to his tomb and asked her to get in; however, she refused and ran away from him. She ran into a house with a light, but the house had another vampire who wanted to kill her; however, she escaped from the vampire because her soul was clean and holy which saved her (Murgoci 340). The author of Twilight also overlaps the idea of traditional expectations for woman, so Bella is portrayed as a pure young girl. For example, Edward is a dangerous vampire: a killer in the past and can read people’s mind, but he cannot read Bella’s mind because she is pure. This makes him interested in her in the first time he meets her, and he becomes her protector.
Historical vampire stories are related to stereotypical gender roles to teach virtue to...