Neighborhood Watch Research Study Essay

1846 words - 7 pages

Neighborhood Watch Research StudyNeighborhood Watch Programs seem to be supported by many of the concepts centered on Social Structure Theory and Social Disorganization Theory. Within the Social Structure Theory lay the Social Disorganization Theory and Social Ecology, which both are directly related to the concepts of Neighborhood Watch Programs.
In the Social Disorganization Theory it can be seen how neighborhood watch programs are used to combat certain aspects of the theory which are linked to criminal behaviors such as social disorganization and a lack of informal social control, development of gangs and peer groups which replace existing family institutions and criminal areas that are vulnerable to crime. Over the years the social disorganization theory has evolved further into a study of Social Ecology. Social Ecology defines aspects of community deterioration, fear, and change which can all be linked to Neighborhood Watch Programs and its use in communities to prevent and control criminal behaviors and acts. “Community deterioration has been directly linked to elevated crime rates in areas in which neighborhoods face poverty and disorder” (Siegel 185). Community fear mixed with disorganization in neighborhoods creates an environment that individuals become afraid of being victimized and either isolates themselves from the community or simply move out of the neighborhood and the community changes. Neighborhood Watch Programs have been created to combat these issues in that they attempt to bring neighborhoods together through “collective efficacy” (Siegel 188).
Neighborhood Watch Programs work based on collective efficacy in that they are designed to bring “community members together to reestablish” or maintain “control of their neighborhoods” (National Sheriff's Association, 2007). Consequently, neighborhood watch programs promote a better quality of life for residents by decreasing community deterioration, fear, and change which assist with reducing crime rates.
The Social Structure Theory essentially revolves around the belief that different social and economic forces that occur in poor economic and social areas provide opportunities and enable certain members of these communities the chance to commit or act upon criminal behaviors. Sociologists Henry McKay and Clifford R. Shaw popularized the social disorganization theory through their work. Their work was based upon the link between specific geographical areas and neighborhoods “characterized by heterogeneity of economics and ethnicity, high levels of population turnover and transience, and other physical and economic conditions.” (National Sheriff's Association, 2007). Shaw and McKay’s concepts are used as the foundation of the Neighborhood Watch Program in that its conclusion states that “crime is higher in socially disorganized areas marked by weakened informal control (residents) due to an erosion of shared norms.” (National Sheriff's Association, 2007). This type of crime...

Find Another Essay On Neighborhood Watch Research Study

Community Crime Prevention Programs Essay

1858 words - 7 pages victim support help residents who do become victimized (Bennett, Holloway, Farrington, 2008). Is neighborhood watch effective? Research studies throughout the years have answered this question with an absolute yes. A 1987 study conducted in College Hill Cincinnati, Ohio by Latessa and Travis found that burglary had decreased 11 percent within a year of the implementation of a neighborhood watch program opposed to only a 2 percent drop in

Do Neighborhoods Affect the Development of Children

1264 words - 6 pages In the research scientific paper “Children and Youth in Neighborhood Contexts,” by Tama Leventhal and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, questioned if neighborhoods affect the development of children? This was the main topic of the article to see do certain neighbors effect children cognitive development. According to the article, found that children and adults who live in high-income neighborhoods cognitive ability and performed well in school were higher

article critique

1352 words - 6 pages and the findings of the research experiment. In this study, researchers Ruth D. Peterson and Lauren J. Krivo evaluated racial disparity within various U.S. cities and determined how these conditions lead to racial and ethnic differences in across areas. They examined the racial spatial dynamics of violence of 36 U.S. city neighborhoods. The importance of this study represents how cultural differences may affect violence in more ethnic neighborhood

Mister Rogers' Positive Influence on Children

3994 words - 16 pages because of his general caring approach on the show. Not only have television critics made negative remarks, but the children’s show has also been made fun of on late night television shows such as “The Tonight Show” with Johnny Carson as well as Eddie Murphy on Saturday Night Live (Bianculli 43). On a different level of criticism, the older siblings of those who watch the show develop negative opinions of “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.” Older siblings

Critical Analysis of the Article "Caught Up" by Maria G. Rendón

1649 words - 7 pages Michelle Pham Travis Beaver Sociology 308 March 5, 2014 “Caught Up”: A Critical Analysis “Caught Up” by Maria G. Rendón divides neighborhood mechanisms in order to understand what causes the chain of high school non-completion in poverty-stricken, urban neighborhoods. The study questions the researched claim—and stereotype—that young men who grow up in poor neighborhoods have no care for graduating, and in general, education; however, many

Surrounding effects of a child's violent behavior

955 words - 4 pages influenced by the share method variance. In the future, Delveaux and Daniels suggest that it would be important to study the relation between children's goals and their actual behaviors.The second most recent data to support the theory that there are predictors for violent behavior in children came from research done by Singer, Miller, Guo, Flannery, Frierson, and Slovak (1999) based on data reported in Pediatrics, studied the contributors to

Neighborhood Problem and Solution

1818 words - 7 pages , and at least agree (combining "strongly agree" and "agree" categories) with six other countries (see Table III). The two solutions that the majority of employees strongly agree patrols in the area of bicycles (66 percent) and the demolition of houses of crack (61 percent). A majority of officers have also at least according to the application of zoning and building violations, installing additional lighting, the establishment of neighborhood watch

Empowerment Theory Within the Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative

1879 words - 8 pages limitations. Community Exploration Experience For the community exploration project in the Human Behavior and Social Environment class, group members (Michelle and Genesis) chose to research the Dudley Street neighborhood in Boston (Roxbury) Massachusetts. The community exploration assignment appeared to be the most involved piece of coursework. Because our HBSE II course is an intensive weekend course it was important to select my group

A Portrait of Southside Flats

2383 words - 10 pages on the television show “The Wire” where elected officials try and build something that would generate tourism and revenue for the befallen city. On any given Friday or Saturday night, the neighborhood of Southside Flats is inhabited by a large number of Pittsburghers. They come for the area’s bars and restaurants. They can also come during the day and shop at the many clothing stores or watch a movie and the theaters. Despite being an

The relationship between race, income and criminal victimization over time

635 words - 3 pages can't wake up one morning and decide to be black one day and white the next.The population for the research paper includes survey data from a nationally representative sample from a wide range of crimes which has been a cross-sectional analysis of American cities, metropolitan areas, counties or states. This sample was the neighborhood-level Chicago city's 76 neighborhoods also called communities with the more specific crime being homicide and

I Like Penis

1176 words - 5 pages is, for some, putting money in our pockets and food on our plates? Citizen based police programs such as neighborhood watch and community policing. Should be recognized in all high crime rated cities in an effort to try and stop most crimes from vandalism to murder. In 2008 a study was conducted by the U.S. justice department meta-analysis “Does Neighborhood Watch Reduce Crime? The study revealed that neighborhoods, which established a

Similar Essays

Neighborhood Watch Research Study Essay

1328 words - 5 pages town mayor has asked to determine if a neighborhood watch program is having any effect on the volume of complaints received about suspicious behavior, deviant behavior, and crime. A research study and theories has been designed to support the neighborhood watch program and explain how each theory supports this program. From the theories a hypothesis will be developed then the concepts will be operationalized. The Quasi-experiments were chosen

Neighborhood Watch Essay

847 words - 4 pages the risk of being caught and arrested. Ultimately, citizens need to build and maintain a sense of control over the areas desired to be crime free. Although, all not crime may be eradicated, reporting suspicious activities to the police is beneficial. Holloway K., Bennett T., & Farrington, D. (2008) indicate, “that for the purpose of this research, literature pertaining to Neighborhood Watch programs was reviewed thoroughly and documentation was

Esperenza's Neighborhood Watch Essay

1249 words - 5 pages Esperanza's Neighborhood WatchThe House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros was a book that was very well written, descriptive, and relatable. The book is about a young girl named Esperanza who is of Hispanic descent. Esperanza and her family move from apartment to apartment never giving themselves to settle in or get close to any neighbors or make any friends. Of the many lessons that Esperanza learns from the time that she spends examining the

Correlation Between Young Black Male Presence In Neighborhoods And A Higher Perception Of Crime

2421 words - 10 pages subjective, based on particular community viewpoints. The researchers noted that further research on people’s social networks could be useful; how does working, praying, and playing together interact with how the media portraits crime. The 2011 study, conducted by Hipp, explores whether higher levels of crime lead to a transformation in the racial/ethnic composition of the neighborhood. Hipp gathered data from selected years of the metropolitan