Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African lawyer, politician, freedom fighter, president and peace ambassador. He was born on July 18, 1918 in Transkei, South Africa. His father was a tribal leader, Chief Henry Mandela of the Tembu Tribe who had 4 wives and Mandela was third wifes’son. Late his father died of Tuberclousis and that led to the next regent of the tribe to be his guardian.
When he was growing he was attended Wesleyan mission school, where his teacher, named him Nelson. He then went to Clarkebury Bording Institute and accomplished his junior certificate in 2 years which would normally take three years; it was while he was there that he develop an interest in boxing and running. Later he joined Wesleyan college of fort Beaufort and met his lifelong friend Oliver Tambo who plays a major role later in his life while he was prison and when he became a president. Mandela then attended University College of Fort Hare; became first year students representative council; boycott against university policies which led to him being expelled from school.
When his guardian the regent of the tribe Tembu arranged marriage for him, he decided to relocate to Johannesburg; got a job as a guard at a mine and was terminated when his employer learnt he was the regents’ runaway ward. Then he started working as article clerk at Johannesburg law firm Witkin, Sidelsy and Edelman through connection from his mentor realtor Walter Sisulu. While he was there; he Joined Correspondence law studies with university of Landon; completed a BA with University of Witwatersrand where he got his degree in law in 1942. We see, it was while he was there that he befriended fellow students and future political activists like Joe Slovo, Harry Schwarz, Ruth First.
While he was in his practice, he joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944. In 1948 Mandela became active in politics and was greatly involved in resistance against the apartheid policies of the ruling National Party. In 1952, he led a defiance campaign, and adoption of freedom was instigated. In 1955, formed congress of people charter which provided fundamental basis of anti-apartheid cause and together with his friend Oliver Tambo started a law firm; where they provided free or low cost legal counsel to many black who lacked attorney representative. In December 5, 1956 together with other 150 people, went on trial for treason, and was acquitted in 1961.
After the banning of the ANC in 1960, Nelson Mandela argued for the setting up of a military wing within the ANC. In June 1961, the ANC executive considered his proposal on the use of violent tactics and agreed that those members who wished to involve themselves in Mandela's campaign would not be stopped from doing so by the ANC. This led to the formation of Umkhonto we Sizwe. He coordinated sabotage campaigns against military and governmental targets making possible for...