Neolithic Revolution Essay

877 words - 4 pages

The transition in the diet and the process of obtaining food changed drastically when the Neolithic period began. Many anthropologists know this transition as the Neolithic Revolution (Bocquet-Appel 2011:560). During the Neolithic revolution, the population of the homo sapiens increase drastically and along with this increase of people came the increase of advantages and disadvantages.
Population increase was due to the life of the farmer and the food producer. When the transition to farming happened, life was more suitable for more children. When people were constantly on the move, having multiple young children was not ideal. Young children had to be carried and dealing with three young ...view middle of the document...

This closeness allowed disease to spread faster and was hard to protect from them. Many diseases were passed through animals, waste and the people themselves. Animals had diseases that were only passed to and from other animals and rarely passed to the pre-Neolithic people because they only were around the animals to hunt them, kill them and eat them. When life transferred to a settled area, animals were kept very close to the village. Because the animals were so close, the pathogens that would have not affected the people had full access to the village. Some of the diseases that came from animals were Tuberculosis and smallpox. Both were very dangerous and fatal.
As stated, one of the main problems was how close people lived to each other. Human waste was also very close to the people. In the lifestyle of the hunter-gather, waste was not close because the people constantly moved. Waste would be left behind as they moved on from place to place.In the village lifestyle, the accumulation of waste increased from being in an enclosed area. Infections from such could have caused disease to spread fast as well. Another way disease was spread was due to the people themselves. There were some reports of sexual prostitution and promiscuity that caused a pathogen that caused syphilis (George J. Armelagos et al. 1991:17).
Other diseases that were caused by the increase in population and the increase in food production were nutritional deficiencies such as anemia or iron deficiency, Harris lines in bones, and malnutrition of the body. These deficiencies came from eating the food that they...

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