I am doing my report on a country by the name of Nepal. The formal
name is The Kingdom of Nepal. The term for citizens is Nepalese. The capital of
Nepal is Katmandu. Nepal became independent in 1768 when a number of
independent hill states were unified by Prithri Narayan Shah as the Kingdom of
Gorkha. The area of Nepal is 56,827 square miles. Its population according to the
1991 census was 18,462, 081. Nepal is located between China and India.
The most recent information about Nepal's population is in the year of 1994.
It was an estimate of about 20,000,000. At this time the average family was made
up of 5.9 persons, and the life expectancy was about 50 years. About 70 percent of
the total population was of working age, or between the ages of fifteen and
fifty-nine years of age. Nearly 44 percent of the population is in the Terai Region,
48 percent in the Mountain Region. In 1981 the capital, Katmandu , had a
population of 235,160.
Nepal has a constitutional monarchy government. The multiparty democracy
established along with the November 1990 constitution which replaced the
The education system has expanded rapidly since 1951. Right now there are
elementary and high schools found in most areas of the country. Tribharan
University was established in 1961 to serve as the hub of a higher education system.
The literacy rate is still only an estimated fifteen percent, with most of the literate
population concentrated in Katmandu Valley and in the Terai.
In Nepal there are numerous languages spoken which is a problem because
they do not belong to the same family group. The most common and national
language , Nepali, stems form the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo European family.
Nepali is spoken by 60 percent of the population. A second category of languages
in Nepal is the Tibeto- Burman languages, of which the most common are Newer,
Magarkura, Gurangkura, Karin and Limbuani.
Religion and Society
Religion occupies an integral position in Nepalese life and society. The main
religion in Nepal is Hinduism , but much of the population follows an unorthodox
Buddhism strongly affected by mixtures of Hinduism. The fact that Hindus worship
in Buddhist temples and Buddhists worship in Hindus temples has been one of the
main reasons followers of the two dominate groups in Nepal have never engaged in
any conflicts. Because of such dual faith practices the differences between Hindus
and Buddhists have been generally in nature. In 1991 about 89.5 percent of the
Nepalese people indenified themselves as Hindus. Buddhists and Muslims occupied
only 5.3 and 2.7 percent. The remainder religion is Christianity.