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Networking Essay

2555 words - 10 pages

1. Executive summary
Corporation normally requires support from commercial IT agency. When set up the network, the network design should be simplified and easily to managed. For new company network, there prefer to include 10 computers, one network printer, file sever (share for 10 staffs), one of 24 ports 10/100Mbps switches and Modem Router.

The network will segments with one of switch, 10 computers, one network printer fileserver. It will connect by Modem Router for ADSL. The figure is show below:

The information of design the network will develop by the following:

        Network topology.

        Media

        Internet access

        Hardware

        File sever

        Computer terminals

        Printer

        Budgeting

        Future plan

2. Type of network topology
Protocol is a set of rules that manage the communications between computers on a network. The most common protocols are: Ethernet, ATM and token ring. For our company network, it will base on Ethernet
Ethernet is the most common type of connection computers use in a local area network (LAN), that is a communication standard for transmitting data between computers.

Two widely-used forms of Ethernet are 10BaseT and 100BaseT. Our company will use Fast Ethernet 100BaseT. It is because 100BaseT Ethernet connection that transfers speeds can get up to 100 mbps. Therefore, It will increase the speed of transmissionDevices are connected to the cable and compete for access using a Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) protocol.

Below is the Protocol summary include Cable, Speed and type of topology that can be easy to understand and follow. (The highlight one is choosing of the company.)

Protocol
        Cable
        Speed
        Topology
Ethernet
        Twisted Pair, Coaxial, Fiber
        10 Mbps
        Linear Bus, Star, Tree
Fast Ethernet
        Twisted Pair, Fiber
        100 Mbps
        Star
LocalTalk
        Twisted Pair
        .23 Mbps
        Linear Bus or Star
Token Ring
        Twisted Pair
        4 Mbps - 16 Mbps
        Star-Wired Ring
ATM
        Twisted Pair, Fiber
        155-2488 Mbps
        Linear Bus, Star, Tree
Fig.1 Protocol summary
(http://fcit.usf.edu/network/chap2/chap2.htm)

As using 100Mbps of Fast Ethernet, I recommend to use Star Topology. In the Fig.1, there show that "Star Topology" is good choice for use the Fast Ethernet.
Star topology: A star topology is designed with node (client) connected directly to a central network hub or concentrator
Fig.2: Star Topology
(http://fcit.usf.edu/network/chap5/chap5.htm#StarNetwork)

The central server switches data around the network. Data flow between the server and the nodes will therefore be relatively low. Typical star networks are mainframe computers. (Stallings, 1990).

ADVANTAGES:

        Low specification...

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