Over the past several decades, resistance training has significantly improved body composition when initiated; it is highly recommended during adolescent years. The development of muscle strength and power through resistance training in children and adolescents is still a subject of some debate and criticism. According to the two researchers Myer and Faigenbaum, they’ve concluded, the age to initiate neuromuscular training in an adolescent is when the child is capable of understanding instructions. Gregory Myer, Avery Faigenbaum, and other researchers of the National Institutes of health calculated that neuromuscular training has a positive correspondence to bone density, self-esteem, and advantage when participating in sport related activities. The purpose of the this report was to systematically review and synthesize the scientific literature regarding the influence of age of neuromuscular training implementation on the effectiveness when initiated during adolescent years. Neuromuscular training in adolescents constitutes for various risks and concerns, benefits to the child’s body, different types of training, and long-term effects.
Neuromuscular Training in Adolescents
Multiple concerns and questions arise with discussion of risks associated with different neuromuscular training during pre-adolescence. Parents are highly concerned about earlier limitation the growth of the child and or increasing the percent of a sports related injury to occur. In school age adolescents Myer and Faigenbaum of When to Initiate Integrative Neuromuscular Training to Reduce Sports-Related Injuries in Youth? discovered research displaying Zariczyj and colleagues found only 0.7% of 1576 injuries result from participating in strength or neuromuscular training. Strides towards preventions of these risk begins with the proper instructions and comprehending of the correct form and technique. Myer, Faigenbaum, and other researchers concluded that childhood might be the ideal time to develop the coordination and technique that are associated with neuromuscular training. According to Myer, pre-adolescent group, specifically ages 8-13, two-third of injuries reported are related to hands and foot from dropping the weight, which could be from a lack of proper technique, and coaching (8). Additional stern supervision of neuromuscular training programs of adolescents demonstrates a decrease risk of injuries in adolescents. Any adult organizing to coach adolescents to strength train should appropriately have present or past experience and knowledge therefore ensuring the safety, effectiveness, and enjoyment of the adolescent. Although, many risk and concerns are present in strength training there are greater numbers of benefits when initiating neuromuscular training in adolescents.
Strength training is a form of physical activity specifically aiming to integrate resistance to speed the appearance effect of muscular hypotrophy. Evidence has found strength training is...