New And Old Wars Essay

2081 words - 9 pages

The era of old wars has been succeeded by a new kind of war consisting of the new wars. Basically, the phenomena of new wars is one that is described by civil or international wars that engage in low grade conflicts entailing innumerable transnational and multinational connections such that differences between local and global relationships, internal and external, and violence and oppression emanating from the war are intricate to sustain (Clausewitz, 2007, p. 13). In principle, new wars are synonymous to conventional warfare in which the contemporary conventional military armament and combat tactics are no longer utilized in open confrontation between interstate conflicts (Duffield, 2005, ...view middle of the document...

13). The concept of war is, chiefly, contested with concepts such as the exact definition of war, the constituents of “guerrilla”, the definition of “militarized disputes,” and what describes “terrorism” being difficult to conclude. In addition, the meanings of “war,” “peace,” “violence,” and “conflict” has been extensively contested with different social scientists eliciting diverse schools of thoughts in the differentiation of these concepts (Kaldor, 2013, p. 12). In the same vein, contemporary politicians and policy makers are seen to employ the conceptual dissonance of these political terms to suit their interests, which further subverts their semantic meticulousness and expunging the institutional peculiarity between “war” and “crime” and/or “violence” and “conflict” (van Creveld, 2002, p. 6).
Considering the Clausewitz’s conceptual understanding and definitions of war, both deconstruction and reconstruction phenomenon are used to bring a clear difference. For instance, following the deconstruction perspective, an evaluation of practices in the society provides a social meaning of social terminologies and hence, their political contexts (Kaldor, 2005, p. 67). On the other hand, the reconstruction perspective elicits the need to establish a concept analysis of the historical and logical meaning in order to develop a scientific basis of the social and political authenticity in relation to discourse and language (Duffield, 2005, p. 86). Clausewitz defined war to be extended duel, and/or a continuance of implementation of policy by other means. This definition provides an understanding of the distinction in the usage of war from a social condominium and places the political role in the explication (Clausewitz, 2007, p. 14). Creveld looks at this definition as direct embedment of war to politics as a tool employed by the state (van Creveld, 2002, p. 10).
While considering the deconstructed Clausewitz’ war concept, its relation to the concept of policy and with politics, the identity of its association to social practices, as well as the political revolution, constancy or political stability and legitimation and delegitimation stratagem defining collective violence comes into light (Bremer, 2000, p. 36). Clausewitz’s theory of warfare has been associated with the discovery of how one state may require acquiring predominance over another on physical forces or material prominence at influential vantage point. Considering that the actualization of this theory is not always possible, it is indispensable to reckon moral factors such as the possible mistakes that the enemy may cause, or the impression resulting from an audacious action from the opposing side (Kaldor, 2013, p. 5). According to Creveld, Clausewitz only considers these actions as reasonable reflections that an individual may participate in encounters pertaining war (van Creveld, 2002, p. 6). Basically, Clausewitz has been shown to be one of the original theorists defining war in line...

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