New Deal Or Not New Deal

1135 words - 5 pages

Commerce and the Court:
How and Why to Define the Commerce Issue

        Commerce has been part of our nation since we founded it. To every farmer, commerce was important so that the food they grew would not spoil on waiting for transport. However, as the nation grew, our definition of commerce has changed many times. Debates over whether Congress had powers to control commerce sparked further debate on if the Courts had the right to define commerce. Every debated, including this one, has two sides that need to be explored.

        I believe that the Court has a major role in government. The Courts are obliged to interpret the Constitution and to clarify laws and acts that seem to be in conflict with the Constitution. This is the primary objective of the Court system. To say that the Court has overstepped its authority in defining commerce would be to take the purpose of the Court from the Court. Also, to say that the Court has met its obligation and should now stay out is to say that the framers ideal of checks and balances has worked and is no longer needed in this matter. But my question is how can it be done if the Constitution is a living document that is always changing and never static. In my opinion, the mere fact that these debates over the interpretation of what commerce means and how it is defined is the very reason the Court system was incorporated into our government. This is why the debate seems a bit lopsided in my opinion.

        As far as the topic at hand, it was clear that when states and the national government began to clash over the interpretation of commerce, it was time for the Court to step in. Without a clear definition of what commerce was, as well as what it meant by inter and intra state commerce, neither side of the controversy would never be settled. The first test of a definition came in the case of Gibbons v. Ogden. Chief Justice Marshall defined commerce not only as traffic, but also as intercourse. After that he said that the powers to regulate is thus vested in Congress to set the ground rules. This ruling started all kinds of controversy.

        Other cases have come up to question this same ideal. In Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan, the Court ruled that congress had delegated its commerce power improperly, and by doing such cased problems with interstate commerce. This made an impact on the commerce issue by stating that by delegating powers with no limits to what the other party could do was in direct violation with the powers vested to Congress.

        Another case that made the headlines was that of Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States. This case questioned the point at which interstate commerce ended and where intrastate commerce began. At issue was a poultry slaughterhouse that received chickens from various sources out of state but did all their respective dealings within the state of New York. Also at issue were the NIRA's demands on labor...

Find Another Essay On New Deal Or Not New Deal

The New Deal Essay

603 words - 2 pages putting forth effort to protect the American consumer and regulate businesses, the New Deal helped promote spending and circulated economy. If not for the New Deal improving social conditions, most Americans would not be able to purchase goods from businesses, ultimately bankrupting them. Te New Deal administration under Franklin Roosevelt help lay down the framework and guidelines for America economic policy, protecting and conserving businesses and consumers.

The New Deal Essay

3647 words - 15 pages Deal was not revolutionary; many of the earlier deals had offered new ideas of government to the world and were ground breaking but the Fair Deal did not bring up many new issues and simply dealt with ones that the New Deal had already started to resolve. The rest of the Fair Deal's evolutionary nature lies within the various programs involved. Almost all of the agencies involved in the program either were very similar to those of the New Deal or

FDR New Deal

1279 words - 5 pages Depression, the New Deal, and World War II. One of the major pieces of legislation enacted by the New Deal was the Public Works Administration. This was the first national effort at job creation and led to the employment of workers for reconstruction of the nation’s infrastructure of highways, dams, airports and low-cost housing (“New Deal”). These jobs not only helped the huge numbers of unemployed, but it also reconstructed financial stability

The New Deal; Analysis

937 words - 4 pages ignored the problem and businesses did not fix the problem, so it only got worse. People had no jobs or money and they were unable to bring the economy back to its feet. But with the approach of the election of 1932 there arose new promises and new visions for the American economy. Franklin Roosevelt came into the running for president and announced his bold and innovative plan of action, the New Deal. Not only were Roosevelt and his ideas on a

The New Deal Reforms

1252 words - 5 pages ”(Liberty 863). Franklin D Roosevelt realized large corporations who gained monopolies were gaining immense influence on matter’s concerning government and the daily lives of American citizens. The first New Deal reforms were introduced, not to dismantle large industries but to control them in such a manner that they could never challenge the democratic government. Large corporations took advantage of the liberty given to them prior to the crash by

Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal

917 words - 4 pages with the conservative ideas of this group. He disagreed with New Deal Legislation such as the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) or the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). The basic idea of these New Deal programs was to lower the supply of goods to the current, depressed level of consumption. Under the AAA, the government sought to raise farm prices by paying farmers not to grow surplus crops. Other reforms that Hoover had issue with was

The New Deal

928 words - 4 pages provisions for paying farmers to reduce the acreage of certain crops and to limit livestock holdings. These measures were intended to reduce surpluses, which caused low prices.(3) The “New Deal” also provided large sums of federal money for direct payments to needy citizens through grants, not loans, to their states. It also established various new agencies to provide government-sponsored work for the unemployed. Through the Works Progress

The New Deal Reforms

948 words - 4 pages of thousands of poor tenants and sharecroppers since the landowners were paid by the government not to plant anymore crops. Such reforms were both beneficial and damaging to the welfare of the citizens, since a decrease in production led to a more stable economy, yet a loss in unskilled jobs. Just as the National Industrial Recovery Act was the center of the First New Deal, the Social Security Act was the focus of the Second New Deal. This Act not

The New Deal - 880 words

880 words - 4 pages Sierra BrownRomeroTest 2, Question 4Hist. 175October 27, 2014The New DealThe New Deal effected Americans across the nation in many ways that were not always positive. Men and women, white and black Americans, and tenant farmers and industrial workers were all seeking better treatment and opportunities from the American government and hoped that the New Deal reform programs would address that.The New Deal changed the role of men and women in the

The New Deal

1584 words - 6 pages living in a time very similar to the Great Depression. However, the New Deal did help to solve America’s problems, it did not end the depression, unemployment, or poverty; it did provide a sense of security to American citizens, and insure hope in their country (“New Deal” 3). Works Cited Andrist, Ralph K., and Edmund O. Stillman. The American Heritage History of the 1920s & 1930s. New York: American Heritage/Bonanza, 1987. Print

FDR's New Deal

986 words - 4 pages While the New Deal launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt did help to get the United States economy going during and after the Great Depression, it was not a success. The Great Depression was caused by several factors. Among these was the rise of consumer debt, runs on the banks, corporations making more money but not raising wages, and a growing gap between the rich and the poor. The many programs created during the First and Second New

Similar Essays

New Deal Essay

2075 words - 9 pages on to the political aspects of the deal, it includes that “it would be an extreme statement to say that the New Deal was contrived with a view to the political advantage of in the way of continuing Roosevelt as President” (Blythe 97). This is important because it shows the citizens’ opinion of what the Deal meant, and what President Roosevelt had in mind, whether it was over-the-top or not. This also shows that the Deal was looked upon

New Deal Essay

889 words - 4 pages useless at all; at least they were not helpful.The New Deal was slowly in delivering economic recovery. According to the American Anthem History Book, although joblessness initially fell from a high of 13 million in 1933 to about 9 million by 1936. Wages, factory output, and other economic indicators rose to levels at or even above those of 1929. Unfortunately, many early gains were wiped out in the downturn of 1937 and 1938. At decade's end

New Deal. Essay

668 words - 3 pages John Mendez Mr. Rinard AP US History Period 4 New Deal The Depression of the 1930s was so severe that for the first time a system of welfare payments was introduced in the US to help the unemployed. At first, this came in the form of the government providing the states with funds to distribute; when this proved ineffective, the government launched its own work schemes. These measures, however, did not provide the economic stability that was

The New Deal Was Not A Success

1056 words - 4 pages The Great Depression was one of the most terrible catastrophes in U.S. history, and resulted in the need for government help to pull the nation out of the depression. The New Deal refers to the programs and acts that came about as a response to the Great Depression. However, the New Deal was not successful in removing the country, either economically or socially, out of the Depression. The Agricultural Adjustment Act only resulted in waste of