New Developments Or Research In Genetic Cloning

3096 words - 12 pages

Bascially a summary of different journal articles. Mainly from the journal Science. Covers genetic cloning research from 1992-1997 Lots of materials, thoroughly researched. Little short on endnotes.

New Developments or Research in Genetic Cloning: Summary

        Since genetic cloning is a very wide topic, the focus of my paper lies mainly on the new discoveries which might be beneficial to human beings. The focus of the first section of the paper is on the various cloning techniques geneticists use nowadays. They techniques included range from the simplest and suitable for all situations, to complicated and suitable for certain areas.

        The second section of the paper, the longest section, discusses five of the many researches performed over the last five years. The researches are arranged in descending chronological order, dating from February 1997, to April 1992. These researches are discussed because they all have one thing in common: they may be beneficial to human beings later on. For example, the newest entry in my paper, and perhaps the one that shocked the whole world, was the report about the first successful clone mammal from non-embryonic cells. This will be helpful in the future for patients waiting for organ transplants. Scientists will be able to clone a fully functional organ, and replace it with the damaged one. The report on the cloning of the human's morphine receptor is advantageous to us because this helps scientists to develop new analgesics.

        The third section of the paper contains a brief discussion about the advantages and the disadvantages of genetic cloning. It speculates how our future will improve due to the technologies we are developing, and also the biggest drawbacks which might come from it.

        The last part of the paper, is the explanation of complicated terms used in this paper. The terms which will be explained are printed in bold terms throughout the paper. This section, the glossary, is like the ones which appears in textbooks.

New Developments or Research in Genetic Cloning

        Genetic cloning is one of the many aspects which has been recently introduced to improve our quality of live. Researchers are trying to improve our lives everyday applying genetic engineering onto our everyday lives. Cows can be genetically altered to produce more milk, receptors in our body could be cloned to improve our health. The techniques and new research reported in this paper is just one tree out of the whole forest of genetic engineering.

Part I: Techniques of Genetic Cloning

        Geneticists use different cloning methods for different purposes. The method used to identify human diseases are different than the method used to clone a sheep. The following are used techniques in genetic cloning.

        Recombinant DNA

        In recombinant DNA, the desired segment is clipped from the surrounding DNA and copied millions of...

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