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New England And Chesapeake Colonization Essay

822 words - 3 pages

During the 1600’s the New England and Chesapeake regions were beginning to settle and colonize. While both came from English origin and had dreams of wealth and freedom, differences began to form just as they settled and by the 1700s the two regions will have evolved into two distinct societies. Because of the exposure to different circumstances both regions developed issues that were unique from one another and caused them to construct their societies differently. Therefore, the differences socially, politically and economically in the two regions caused the divergence.
The first settlement, Jamestown was established in the Chesapeake region. Geographically, the location was unhealthy but easy to defend from the Spanish ships (but not inland Indians). The colony lacked leadership, John Smith tried to impose order but conditions in the region were also not good and many died within the first year from starvation (Document F) because many colonists did not work or have experience farming. Many of the colonists who came from England to the Chesapeake were young males (Document C). Because of this, the region almost died out because there was no natural population growth. It was not till John Rolfe introduced tobacco that the Chesapeake region began to generate wealth. The rapid growth of tobacco required heavy labor so to encourage cultivation of tobacco; the head right system began which also contributed to a large population growth in the region. Because tobacco plantations created such wealth they became the key economic product. Despite the profits from tobacco, The Chesapeake was still a terrible place to live with a high death rate from diseases and attacks from Powhaten Indians. A pivotal change to the region was that the first legislative assembly was established in Virginia called the House of Burgesses which created taxes and oversaw finances but little change happened and the colonists still focused with tobacco and lacked local unity unlike New England which was bounded by religion. At the end of the 17th century, Colonial factions sparked political revolts from the colonists. Bacon’s rebellion was fought by the colonists against the Governor Berkeley about the little protection against the Indian attacks on the frontier (Document H). Even though Governor Berkeley justified that the region was too vast to protect (Document G). The revolts at the end of the 17th century were an indication that life in the Chesapeake region was a terrible place to live.
Both in climate and geographically, The New...

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