IH Humanities 1st & 2nd period
7 March 2014
New Ideas Threaten Established Powers
New ideas are what make a society grow economically, politically, and socially, but there are usually two sides in the opinion on whether they should be considered. The two sides are: new ideas are great and new ideas are a threat. However, innovations are new ideas that always threaten and challenge societies, which is the reason why societies in history have been hesitant to change their lifestyles. Some main innovations, such as religious values, publications, and social interactions, threaten the world’s established powers.
The spread or encouragement of religions to other countries has been a threat to history just as much as they have been in the present. The Qing dynasty is a great example because of Jesuits spreading Christianity from Europe to Asia. However, Christianity wasn’t a threat in the beginning, is was amazingly welcomed until the pope in Europe sided with critics, Franciscans and Dominicans, and ordered the Jesuit missionaries to stop promoting ancestor veneration and services in Chinese (Bently 585). Honestly, if a person wishes to spread a religion to new areas in the world, they most definitely shouldn’t take away the values of the new society to win converts. In response, ruler Kangxi banned the preaching of Christianity in China because this would change and challenge the cultural values within the government and society. In summary, it wasn’t necessarily the religion itself at first, it was the change of values and teachings that made Christianity a threat to the Qing dynasty and Kangxi himself later in time. In addition, most people were hesitant to covert anyway, in fear that their established powers, in this case religions such as Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, would become inferior making this a threat to society also.
The play Tartuffe and other plays
The bill in Arizona (religion based) can threaten human rights, more specifically religious and gay people, whether it’s vetoed or not, which again shows the two sides of a new idea. SB1062, the bill in Arizona, would amend the existing Religious Freedom Restoration Act, allowing business owners to deny service to gay and lesbian customers as long as proprietors were acting solely on their religious beliefs (McLaughlin). This threatened powers like human rights, but governor of Arizona, who would eventually be hated by either group in some way. In addition human rights is at stake for gays if, for example, a gay couple asks for a wedding cake from a Christian baker that refuses to make the cake because of their religion. In this situation, the gay couple examines the situation as discrimination, while the baker thinks of it as a violation or sin to their religion, but either way someone is unsatisfied. In summary, the Arizona Bill is essentially a threat to human rights and the governor.
A hazard is also identified with social interaction, which again...