This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

New Imperialism And European Powers Essay

1940 words - 8 pages

World War I largely known as the Great War or the World War until 1939 was a major armed conflict between world powers assembled in two opposite alliances: The ‘Triple Entente’ and the ‘Central Powers’. The former included United Kingdom, France and Russia while the latter comprised of Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire and Italy.
Even though it was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand; the Austrian archduke, a direct cause that led to the occurrence of World War I in July 1914, the definite causes of the war were far more complicated and cannot confined to a single source. It was the result of aggression of European leaderships towards other countries supported by their rising nationalism. Moreover, economic and imperial competition, and the fear of war provoked military alliances and an arms race, further escalating the outbreak of war.

New Imperialism and European powers
From a world history perspective, one of the most evident trends in the history of the late 19th century was the domination of Europeans over Non- Europeans. This domination took many forms ranging from absolute invasion to penetration on economic ground. Almost no area of the globe was free of European merchants, explorers and Christian missionaries.

In literal terms, imperialism can be defined as the policy of extending one’s power and wealth by bringing additional territories under their control. It is traditionally interpreted to mean formal annexation and political rule, while on the other hand it also implies indirect ‘control’ by economic and cultural influences. Europeans colonized Asia and Africa by using military force to take control of local governments and exploiting local economies.
A general greed and lust for the acquisition of territories abroad was realized in Europe after 1815 as no European state was submitting to the domination of another European state. Countries had suffered both, militarily and financially, thus began a scramble for new territories and unknown lands abroad.
Also, Europe witnessed a great industrial activity after 1815. Counties like France, Germany, Britain and others became highly industrialized states, producing a large basket of manufactured goods. These states needed raw material and foreign markets after the increase caused by Industrial Revolution.
Christian missionaries were convinced that the people of Africa and Asia would become “civilized” only if they converted to Christianity and adopted European ways.
Many Europeans even believed in superiority of the white race. They spoke of “the white man’s burden” of carrying the benefits of western civilization to other parts of the world.
Moreover, the ambitions of these states became unbounded and ruthless as each European country became keen to achieve the status of world power. It was one way of making these colonial powers self-sufficient at home.

Scramble of Africa
The scramble of Africa began in the latter...

Find Another Essay On New Imperialism and European Powers

European Imperialism Consequences for non Western nations, explains the negative and positive things about imperialism for the non-western nations

565 words - 2 pages European Imperialism Consequences for non Western nationsThe motives for imperialism were economic, political, religious, exploratory and ideological. The economic motives included the desire to make money, to expand and control foreign trade, to create new markets for products, to acquire raw materials and cheap labor, to compete for investments and resources, and to export industrial technology and transportation methods. About the political

Imperialism and the Conquest of Africa -History of the European conquest for Africa (1870-1914) -Brief overview of Imperialism in general -Key people in the European conquest of Africa

1472 words - 6 pages this movement were the British.The Europeans practiced imperialism since the 1400s, but this "new imperialism" occurred in more than just Europe. Many of the motives include economic, political, strategic, religious or humanitarian. Imperialism was even more intensified because of nationalism and the Industrial Revolution. They had a concern for security and a sense of national pride. To protect their national security, leaders called for a

Procter and Gamble- Intoduction of new a shampoo on the European market

2421 words - 10 pages . P&G decided to introduce BC-18 in Europe. Traditionally, the European market is highly competitive the main rivals are Colgate, Unileaver, and L'Oreal. The European market is segmented (i.e. value based) and sensitive to price changes (i.e. elastic demand).The introduction of the new product BC-18 brings with it a new marketing strategy for the company. In order to make a valued choice the 4P's of marketing have to be considered. At present

Religion Played an Integral Role in the Development and Culture of European Colonialism in the New World

1933 words - 8 pages was their duty to kill them in order to save themselves and the Indians from the powers of the “witchcraft”. Puritans would also be left in a frenzy of witch-hunts during the Salem Witch Trials as their tensions with the native populations increased. However, while the people of New France also believed that the native populations were practicing witchcraft, the Jesuit missionaries would use peaceful methods to convert the Canadian Iroquois

'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?

2176 words - 9 pages 'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?The ending of predominant Cold War hostilities between the Western world and the Former Soviet Union at the end of the 1980's significantly affected EU and US relations. The transatlantic framework, which had been developing between these two entities over the last forty years


1810 words - 7 pages Imperialism is the process in which one state imposes its control upon another through military force or political action in order to exploit the area for raw materials and strategic purposes. The period of 1870 until the beginning of the Great War in 1914 marked a time of “New Imperialism” for the European powers. Much like that of the first “wave” of imperialism that took place from the sixteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century, the

Industrial revolution & the European imperialism

636 words - 3 pages factory because there was no one home to take care of them. The European imperialism was very much encouraged by nationalism and was supported by social Darwinism. Imperialism is when a nation dominates or controlled another land physically, economically or politically. Before the early 1800s western nations did business in Africa and Asia. But soon after the industrial revolution western powers used their weapons and powerful iron worship to

Imperialism: From Europe to The West

1502 words - 6 pages Early in the twentieth century, imperialism was brought up by European powers of the time; Germany, Great Britain, France, and Russia. These nations were after raw materials in Asia, Africa, and South America and when they realize that they could not retrieve it, they began to colonize smaller counties that contain the many resources they need and used it for their benefit. Western values played a big part in European imperialism. European

Imperialsim: The Roman Empire

2232 words - 9 pages the continuity of European countries taking over other nations to boost their position within the major powers. This position of being first was the major contribution for embracing the policy of imperialism in Europe. This idea is most prominent in the less powerful countries within Europe who desire this power. Friedrich Fabri writes, “By obtaining colonies, we can restore Germany’s position as the most prestigious, important, and influential

Cuases of the Colonisation of Africa

2215 words - 9 pages Partition of Africa in a global framework, rather than look at European powers individually. A well-known theory focused on international relations is A.J.P Taylor’s theory of “political and diplomatic aims”. This essay shall investigate whether A.J.P Taylor’s theory of imperialism can sufficiently explain the colonisation of Africa. It shall also explore the decolonisation of Africa, to see whether “political and diplomatic aims” were a

The Imperial Age

1788 words - 7 pages The imperial age refers to the period from 1880 to 1914 when the great powers of Europe sought to dominate the world. In this time period, imperialism was best defined as a movement by the major European powers to dominate or to take into their spheres of influence all the unattached states in the world. In the period of 1880 to 1914, the few remaining independent area of the globe came under the dominance of one industrial power or another

Similar Essays

European Colonialism And Imperialism Essay

992 words - 4 pages over other groups. Another ultimate cause could have been “Scientific Racism.” Other people believed that the Europeans were genetically superior to the other regions of the world. Now, because of Jared Diamond’s thesis, we can conclude that the ultimate cause of European colonialism and imperialism was “Geographic Luck.” One of the main reasons for European colonialism and imperialism was the axis and climate zones. Having a long east-west axis

European Colonialism, Imperialism, And Cultural Superiority

1149 words - 5 pages European Imperialism and Cultural Superiority       Many factors contributed to the colonization of Africa by European powers between 1895 and 1905. Among these factors were the effects of European history, the growing capitalist economy, and the growing competition between European powers. Most important was the belief that European culture was superior to African culture. During the height of imperialism, the vast majority of the African

Impact Of European Colonialism And Imperialism On African Women

1612 words - 6 pages Effect of European Imperialism on African Women       What effect did the European imperialism in Africa have on the women of both continents? And was this effect advantageous or injurious to the women themselves? Judging by the extremely limited amount of information available on the subject, one could conclude probably a very minimal one. However, upon further investigation, one can see that this effect, although ignored by historians

European Colonial Powers From Sixteenth To Eighteenth Century Portugal, Spain, Holland, And Britain

2227 words - 9 pages century. All the four countries had been powerful and prosperous in this period, and therefore it is valuable and reasonable to make a compare among the identities of the imperialism and colonialism of the four countries from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century. This paper aims to analyze the identities of the overseas expansion of four European countries, Portugal, Spain, Holland, and Britain, from the sixteenth century to the