This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

New Kingdom Egypt Essay

2185 words - 9 pages

The beginning of the New Kingdom (after the expulsion of the Hyksos)
Prior to the period of the New Kingdom northern Egypt was ruled by the Hyksos while southern Egypt was ruled by local Egyptian rulers. It was Ahmose who successfully rid Egypt of the Hyksos. Once the expulsion of the Hyksos took place it became the task of each pharaoh to ensure that such an invasion would never occur again. Each pharaoh had his own method of establishing and maintaining control. In their endeavour to maintain ma'at (truth) the pharaohs began to change the nature of the Egyptian state. These pharaohs set Egypt gradually, but not entirely by design, on a course of imperial expansion and firmly established the image of the "warrior pharaoh". By looking at the tasks facing each of the first three pharaohs of New Kingdom Egypt and their policies, we can see how they transformed New Kingdom Egypt.
First three Pharaohs of the 18th dynasty (1570-1518):
Ahmose I 1570-1546
Amenhotep I 1551-1524
Thutmose I 1524-1518

Ahmose
By liberating Egypt, it is safe to assume that Ahmose had already achieved military successes. The workings of an organised army were under way. His achievements were in fact recorded in the tomb of Ahmose son of Ebana. (A marine whose career we can follow, as he matured and gained prestige with each success of the pharaoh under whom he served.) The Pharoah Ahmose needed to re-establish authority within Egypt and did this by punishing Hyksos supporters and rewarding his loyal followers.
Ahmose's next task was to restore the damage of previous years. Destroyed temples and neglected canals and buildings were repaired, land was redistributed and taxes were collected. He introduced new policies that set the wheels of the New Kingdom in motion. The economy was re-established and treasuries were filled. He renewed trade with other nations the result of which can be seen in Ahhotep's jewellery.
To accomplish all the tasks that lay ahead, Ahmose needed a centralised government and effective policies. He appointed a loyal official as commandant of Buhen, in Nubia in the south. This post was a forerunner of the position of viceroy or governor of Nubia. The idea of the "warrior pharaoh" was born during his reign, but was not fully operational as evidenced by his Nubian campaigns. Once the Hyksos threat was overcome he turned his attention to the south.
Worship of the god Amun-Re began to gain status. Ahmose dedicated many of his triumphs to him. A stela found at Karnak not only provides detailed information of gifts offered to the god, but is also an excellent example of the wealth accumulating within Egypt at that time. He also embarked on a building program, adding cedar and limestone features to Amun's temple at Karnak and Luxor. He also enriched Ptah's temple at Memphis, and honoured his grandmother, by building a chapel at Abydos. Therefore through his actions and policies of liberation, the first steps towards imperialism were made.
Sources for Ahmose:...

Find Another Essay On New Kingdom Egypt

The Boundary Stele: Religious Beliefs Influence Town Planning in New Kingdom Egypt

1473 words - 6 pages imperial couple might sail in on the royal barge named “Aten Gleams” (Wilson 1951:202-203). Not only did Tiye outlive her husband Amenhotep III, her son Akhenaten gave her a Sunshade temple in addition to numerous other privileges once he established the new City of Akhetaten. We know of this in modern times because the tomb officials at “Akhetaten, recorded her presence in the new capital” (Arnold 1997:8). She was still a source of wise council for

The Increase of Gender Equality in Ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom

533 words - 2 pages BIBLIOGRAPHYPrimary Sources"Isis nursing Horus." Bronze. Late Period, Dynasty 26 or later. Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati. http://www.cincinnatiartmuseum.orgShows the importance of pregnancy and fertility of women in Ancient Egypt."Figure Vase: Woman holding a swaddled infant." Red burnished terracotta. New Kingdom, Mid-Dynasty. The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn.Shows the importance of pregnancy and fertility of women in Ancient EgyptPtah-hotep

ancient egypt

632 words - 3 pages possible and the technology that was used to create them was most likely lost to time.There was a time in Egypt (2181-2055 BCE) when things were in the process of being resituated during a lack of government power because of its recent collapse and during this time states with their own rulers were created throughout Egypt until two new rulers emerged. One named Hierakonpolis in Lower Egypt and the other Thebes of Upper Egypt. They both created

Ancient egyptian civilization from 3100-32bc

1487 words - 6 pages New Kingdom and The Late Period or 3100-332 B.C.Archaic Period: 3100 B.C to 2750 B.CThere long history began with there first King who began the first Egyptian dynasty. In3100 B.C Pharaoh Menes united upper and lower Egypt. Making Egypt's first empire. Indoing so, he made the Egyptian double crown. It was made by putting the red crown ofLower Egypt on top of the white crown of upper Egypt.Menes ruled from the ancient city of Thinis near Abydos

Stolen Egyptian Artifacts

2271 words - 10 pages Thebans and the invading Hyksos. The Hyksos eventually were led out of Egypt. The New Kingdom (1567-1085 b.c.e.) was a long period of time where the kingdoms were united. This was the period where the biblical figure Moses led the Jewish people out of slavery in Egypt during Ramses II ruled. This was also where the Valley of the Kings was first used. This was a royal burial ground for Egyptian pharaohs and their families. The Third Intermediate

Ancient Egypt

972 words - 4 pages fires were used for cooking. Egyptians have been polytheistic since the beginning of time and throughout the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom. This means they had faith in many different gods. They were said to have worshipped their gods with animal sacrifices and many of the people would carry images of the god from place to place. In the beginning the Egyptians believed that only pharaohs had an afterlife. The Egyptians also believed

Comparing and contrasting the ancient civilizations of Egypt and China

528 words - 2 pages amount of similarities in almost every area.The government of Ancient Egypt was headed by a king (in the New kingdom, the king assumed the name "pharaoh") with absolute power. Different dynasties, or a line of rulers from the same family, would rule Egypt. Each ruler was considered to be a god whose orders were undisputable. However, the government was not only a monarchy; it was a theocracy. The king would perform religious rituals to help the

Egyptian Gov

1842 words - 8 pages court and file for divorce. Children and the poor also had substantial legal rights, and even slaves were allowed to own their own property under certain circumstances. In an excerpt from the Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, they spoke of the laws for women. "Like slaves, women, either married or widowed had, during the New Kingdom (1600 to 1100 BC; and probably before) complete legal authority to manage their own assets.... "They were

Egyptian Culture

1491 words - 6 pages Culture in Egypt is rich and deep. Having one of the oldest cultures dating back to before the pharaohs; Egypt’s culture is well developed and distinctive. With a religious cultured background, Egypt is developing rapidly into a restructured culture, combining old with new. An overview shows a complex structured culture built on many influences. Humanity builds around culture and is a complex system that is difficult to define

Hyksos Invasion

873 words - 4 pages the Hyksos shared there their techniques and weapons with the Egyptians. The Egyptian’s military became very strong and eventually regained power to Egypt. Since Egypt now had a lot of military power they went on a military offensive and the New Kingdom begun.

Which Egyptian Queen made the greatest contribution to her country Hatshepsut or Cleopatra?

1120 words - 4 pages myrrh, frankincense, and fragrant ointments that the Egyptians used for religious purposes and cosmetics.Hatshepsut's rein came at the beginning of the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. Hatshepsut ruled for about twenty years, until her death in 1458 BC, when Thutmose III, wishing to reclaim the throne, led a revolt (Tyldesley, 1995). She left Egypt at the high point of the dynasty, with flourishing trade and wealth. Hatshepsut

Similar Essays

Private Life In New Kingdom Egypt, By Dr. Lynn Meskell

1412 words - 6 pages Dr. Lynn Meskell attempts to disclose everyday ancient Egyptian life in her monograph, Private Life in New Kingdom Egypt. As the title reveals, her work is focused on New Kingdom Egypt, particularly the 18th and 20th Dynasties, between 1539 and 1075 BCE. The book synthesizes material relating to domains of lived experience and social interaction, particularly in the village of Deir el Medina, the community of workmen employed to build New

Queens Of The Ramesside Dynasty In New Kingdom Egypt

926 words - 4 pages Ancient Egypt - Ramesside QueensAlthough not as influential as the queens of Dynasty XVIII, the Ramesside queens continued to play a prominent role. In the New Kingdom, the Queen became much more prominent and powerful. She acquired in her own right secular and religious titles that carried with them genuine jobs to do and estates with land, servants and administrators to provide an independent income. The title God's Wife of Amun provided the

The Position Of Royal Women Throughout New Kingdom Egypt

911 words - 4 pages The Position of Royal Women throughout New Kingdom EgyptIn most studies of Ancient Egyptian civilisations, the fundamental sources for our studies are the many hieroglyphics and reliefs that decorate the walls of the wondrous temples and tombs. These hieroglyphs and reliefs, are predominantly concerned with the political past of Egypt and the pursuits and achievements of the Royal Family. The information relating to the Royal Family is highly

What Does The Archaeological Evidence Of Tutankhamen's Tomb Reveal About The Burial Practices Of Pharaohs In The New Kingdom Egypt?

2204 words - 9 pages What does the archaeological evidence of Tutankhamen's Tomb reveal about the burial practices of Pharaohs in the New Kingdom Egypt?Tutankhamen's Tomb being one of the most intact monuments of Ancient Egypt can reveal a great deal about the burial practices and beliefs of New Kingdom Egypt. Through an understanding of New Kingdom beliefs, analysis of the archaeological content of King Tutankhamen's tomb and through comparing and contrasting the