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Newton And Tje Information Order Essay

1129 words - 5 pages

It is very hard and nearly impossible to find someone that had contributed to world’s science as much as Isaac Newton did. His works set the basis for modern world physics and his main work that was published in “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy” is considered one of the most significant books that the world has seen. Newton was without doubt one of the most influential scientists in modern times and he is one of the examples of the scientific enlightenment that occurred in Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The evidence that support and served Newton has been collected by scientists and astronomers from different parts of the world. Newton’s work and ...view middle of the document...

Cotes argues that those “blind” people who don’t believe in the existence of God must be mad and senseless to not see god’s involvement in those wise contrivances. He believes that all nature’s laws are derived from the free will of god and his argument reveals how science and religious faith were linked together while today these two concepts seem to be opposite to each other.
In addition, Cotes’s reference to Galileo work shows those connections that served the enlightenment. Newton’s significant work was because of his genius, but without the knowledge and observations of astronomers and physicists from all over the world, he would never have reached that work. Simon Schaffer argues that without their contribution to Newton work he could never get his famous findings.
Simon Schaffer’s article describes these crossings of ideas from distant places in the world as the information order that led to Newton’s Principia. He argues that Newton’s work could never been possible without the observations made throughout the world in places like Europe, Maryland, Brazil and China. Not only that newton used information from distinct places but he received so many observations and calculations that he needed to find which are considered reliable and accepted to use for his work. Roger Cotes, who became an expert on methods for managing observational errors and an observatory manager, began to help rework the entire Principia in the early 1710’s. Moreover, Schaffer argues that in that time in which information was accumulated, distributed and exchanged, the information order was fundamental but also vulnerable.
With the beginning of the globally connected world society and the availability of knowledge from distant places in the world, there raised and new issue: The validity and accuracy of the information that Newton got from his colleagues from all over the world. Newton’s “isolation” (as it is considered by many historians) and the fact that he never left Britain meant that most of the data that he used and based his studies on was data collected by physicians from different part of the world. There were many criteria that observation needed to meet before it was used by Newton. He examined the reliability of the physicist, the accuracy of their research, and their reputation on the subject. It created a situation where observations from...

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