Nicaraguan Revolution Essay

1381 words - 6 pages

The Nicaraguan Revolution was one of the darkest times the country of Nicaragua has been in. Around 53,000 people lost their lives over the 30 years it spanned. At first the citizens were tired of their dictator, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, and demanded change. He was corrupt and that lead to him being very unpopular with his citizens. Many shifts of power happened during this time with many rebel groups. Most of the citizens suffered extreme poverty and battled inequality through these years along with an unstable government due to a poor economy and bad farming seasons. (Nicaraguan Revolution). Although the Nicaraguan Revolution was devastating it was not a true revolution because it did not follow the steps of a revolution and not everyone benefited from the change due to still having inequality, limited civil rights, and having a whole other revolution after the first one ended.
The Nicaraguan Revolution happened between 1961 and 1990. The Somoza family was in power of Nicaragua and formed a communist government. They were very greedy and promoted inequality through being dishonest and selfish (Pre Revolutionary Nicaragua). An example of this happened when a devastated earthquake hit the country in 1972. Many countries sent over relief funds and other aid that was needed to Nicaragua. The money that was given was then abused and much of it was kept by the dictator, Anastasia Somoza Debayle, instead of it given to the citizens who needed it (Pre Revolutionary Nicaragua). People needed the money to rebuild their homes, farms, and businesses. Because of this, people wanted a new government that could be controlled by the citizens. The Citizens also wanted a better life and equality in the country rather than being mistreated and having an upper class dominate the country’s economy and government (vianica). The biggest social class in Nicaragua is the middle class which is 19.4 percent of the population. 16.9 percent were part of the working class that owned no land and 13.3 percent were unemployed. The upperclass is only .2 percent of the population and they control the countrys economy and political power.
A rebel group was then formed, in response to the Somoza’s actions called the Sandinista National Liberation Front. It was lead by José Carlos Fonseca Amador, Silvio Mayoral, and Tomás Borge Martínez with the help of students, peasants, and anti-Somoza citizens (Nicaraguan Revolution). They had three main goals they wanted to express. First, they wanted the lower class to be most involved in the war effort and giving unemployed people a job. Second, they wanted to use Cuban fighting styles because they looked up to Cuban revolutionaries and based their revolution off theirs. Third, they wanted to bring together all of the social classes in the country to spread and promote equality (Pre Revolutionary Nicaragua). After this group was formed a famous journalist, who was very well liked by the lower classes, was assassinated by the Somozas Rigime....

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