Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian philosopher who lived from 1469 to 1527. Machiavelli was best known for his book, The Prince, he was an Italian diplomat, a philosopher, and an Italian historian during the Renaissance. Niccolo Machiavelli was born in a town called Florence in Italy on May 3rd in 1469 to a wealthy family and was believed to have attended the University of Florence and had received excellent education. He was appointed as the Second Chancellor of the Republic of Florence and was responsible for diplomatic and military affairs.
Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence (Firenze in the Italian language) in the year 1469. The Machiavelli family are thought to have descended from the Marques of Tuscany. The Marques is a Royal and Noble rank given to one in Renaissance age Europe. Since the Machiavelli’s had descended from Marques’ they were wealthy and were able to give Niccolo a good education. Machiavelli was born in a disorderly era, with popes waging greedy wars against Italian cities and states so that they could gain more land and power, as a result of this many people and cities fell from power in that era. Growing up in this era, and having such a background caused Machiavelli to learn about these subjects; war, and politics and this is what got him into politics as he grew up. Machiavelli entered his position as the second chancellor after the Medici Family was removed after 60 years of being in power. In his 14 years of service he carried out numerous diplomatic missions to the Papacy in Rome and many Italian states. In the later years of his service, Machiavelli was responsible for the Florentine armed forces. Machiavelli disbanded the mercenaries from the forces due to their unreliable actions; they would switch sides without any warning because they helped the party that paid them more. Machiavelli staffed the army with citizens of the state that would be loyal in almost every situation because they were defending their homes. Niccolo Machiavelli‘s fall from power occurred because in 1512, the Medici family came back into power and disassembled the republic. In 1513 the Medici Family had Machiavelli incarcerated for plotting to overthrow them. Even though he was tortured for 3 weeks, he denied any involvement in the conspiracy and was then released. Machiavelli decided to withdraw to his manor in a village nearby and dedicated himself to writing about politics which later earned him his place in the development of political philosophy and political ways. Machiavelli later on died at the age of 58 in 1527.
Machiavelli believed in Empiricism and Realism instead of Idealism. Empiricism, in philosophy is the view that all concepts originate in experience that all concepts are about or applicable to things that can be experienced, or that all rationally acceptable beliefs or propositions are justifiable or knowable only through experience (Fumerton, 2009). Machiavelli is sometimes viewed as the prototype...