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Niccolo Machiavelli. Essay

823 words - 3 pages

Niccolo Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1469, and died in 1527. He was a man who lived his life for politics and patriotism. He was however associated with corrupt, totalitarian government. He wrote two books called The Prince (1513) and The Discourses (1543), which drew light to his most controversial theories on the real world of politics. These books have become somewhat of a handbook for politicians of today. The focus of this study is to cover his opinions on religion, republicanism and politics while assessing the validity of the claim that "Machiavelli's thought is widely regarded as relevant to modern politics".Machiavelli recognized 'how praiseworthy it is for a prince to keep his word and to live by integrity and not deceit' he also believed that it was wrong not only in Christian standards but also in any human standards to treat people inhumanely. Religion today isn't as noticeable as it was in Machiavelli's time, for now we seem to be run by power instead of Gods religious beliefs.Republicanism is a topic which Machiavelli believed in, as republics adapt better to changing circumstances, due to different peoples views and beliefs, and the opportunity they offer in participation in military and politics, which provides satisfaction to human beings. Political change is needed for a society to move forward so it gives the masses of people the right to decide how they are governed.Local wars today may look like the sort of wars that Machiavelli talked about, but this is only because the major powers allow the wars to proceed as they do. Middle East would several times by now have erupted into World War III were it not for the deterrence exercised by the two nuclear superpowers.On a global view we are moving out of the age of efficacy of force and the threat of force. Nevertheless nations will continue to try and influence nations. We may conclude from Machiavelli's analysis that rewards and punishment are not the opposites of one another but instead can overlap the following; punishment, non-punishment, reward and non-reward. For example, in a non-punishment situation, the action will be affected by the control of rewards and non-rewards. For a non-reward to have any effect upon a nation, there must be a flow of rewards as well. Machiavelli did say, "Penalties will not work without benefits".Machiavelli's relevance to current world politics lies in the psychology of human behavior. Man today is similar to...

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