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Nietzche And Hegel Essay

956 words - 4 pages

Nietzsche's master-slave morality describes the way in which moral norms shifted through the through eras, from pre-scocratic times to the modern age founded upon Christian and Jewish beliefs. During pre-socratic times, value was dominated and enacted by the master class, who saw themselves and what they did as good. Value was defined along their terms of good- what was good for the master class was itself good. This notion of value was designed along the lines of nobility and purity, which included traits such as courage, beauty, strong-will and happiness. The master-class said yes to existence, and their values affirmed their belief system, which, due to their position of control, created ...view middle of the document...

”(citation) Through this resentiment, the notion of evil is created by the slave to justify the ideological and moral position of the oppressed; that the application of nobility or “moral goodness” to enforce slavery, and its system of morality that brought it into being, are inherently corrupt. Nietzsche goes on to say that this system of values is the only one created out of resentiment, “While every noble morality develops from a triumphant affirmation of itself, slave morality from the outside says no to what is 'outside', what is 'different', what is 'not itself', and this no is its creative deed”(citation)According to this value of resentiment, the masters became representative of all that was evil, and in turn the values viewed by the masters as bad (those of the slaves), were valued as good.
It's important to note here the distinction between 'good and bad' and 'good and evil'. According to Nietzsche, master morality was defined along the lines of 'good and bad', while slave morality was defined along the lines of 'good and evil'. This distinction created the boundary between master morality as active- or created, and slave morality as reactive- or in critique. Where the masters affirmed their strength and virtues as good, the slave reevaluated this activity as evil. In turn, with slave morality as a reactionary system, the notion of evil became the opposite of good, and the characteristics of the master (courage, strength, pride and independence) were replaced with those of the slave (humility, sympathy and patience). Nietzsche deemed these values to be “ascetic”. This asceticism, by means of popularity through religious indoctrination by Christianity and Judaism, slowly gained cultural and moral dominance. According to Nietzsche, we currently live in a world upheld by the virtues of weakness, or those that contradict the...

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