Nietzsche As Free Spirit And New Philosopher

1890 words - 8 pages

Nietzsche as Free Spirit and New Philosopher

 
     In the second chapter of Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche develops a fragmented portrait of a character type to which he refers as the "free spirit." Throughout the rest of Beyond Good and Evil, he expands on this portrait and connects it with another type, the "new philosopher," which he connects with the type of the free spirit in a specific (although complex) way. Nietzsche conceptualizes himself, as I will show, as both a "free spirit" and as a "new philosopher."

 

Nietzsche spends a great deal of time describing the characteristics of both of these types. The central characteristic of the complex characterization of the free spirit is freedom - although Nietzsche conceptualizes this freedom in a non-traditional manner: it is not a political freedom, and it is certainly not democratic. In fact, this freedom "is for the very few" and for the "very strong" (Nietzsche 29). Independence is something for which one has to test oneself, argues Nietzsche, and if one "comes to grief, this happens so far from the comprehension of men that they neither feel it nor sympathize" (Nietzsche 40, 29). The characteristics of the free spirit described by Nietzsche throughout the book are characteristics that are uncommon among humanity: the free spirits are subtle and have "the art of nuances"; they are "extra-moral" and "immoralists" - that is, they do not bind themselves to the conventional beliefs about morality in which most people place their faith (Nietzsche 31, 32).

 

The primary characteristics of the free spirit, however, elucidate this type in a specific way that denies that the free spirit is merely a rare person. Nietzsche's characterization of free spirits defines them as a type that is primarily critical of and cautious toward all beliefs, and many of his descriptions of the characteristics of the free spirit are characteristics that are required for insightful and meaningful criticism. For instance, he links Stendhal's comment that the good philosopher is "dry, clear, without illusion" to the free spirit (Nietzsche 39). Nietzsche describes the free spirit as one who believes that many commonly accepted beliefs, such as the morality of altruism preached by Christianity and other religions, "must be questioned mercilessly and taken to court." The free spirit, he argues, resists the "seductions" of feelings that are attractive (Nietzsche 33). And the free spirit is precise, an attribute that is required for penetrating criticism: Nietzsche says that free spirits experience "disgust with what is clumsy and approximate" (Nietzsche 227).

 

All of these characteristics allow the reader to make an attempt to understand what Nietzsche means by "freedom" in the context of the free spirit. The free spirit is, first and foremost (although with certain qualifications that I will describe later), one who has liberated himself from the necessity of fidelity to a particular...

Find Another Essay On Nietzsche as Free Spirit and New Philosopher

Fate and Free Will as Key Factors Leading to the Deaths of Romeo and Juliet

3230 words - 13 pages Fate and Free Will as Key Factors Leading to the Deaths of Romeo and Juliet In this report I will try to discuss in depth why I feel that fate and free will, were indeed a key factors leading to the deaths of young Romeo and Juliet in this Shakespearian play of love and tragedy. A consistent sense of foreboding is

An analysis of Percy Bysshe Shelley’s use of personification as a means of connecting nature and spirit in Ozymandias and Ode to the West Wind

909 words - 4 pages human spirit, it teaches mankind to respect the raw power and strength of nature. Ode to the West Wind is a poem where Percy Bysshe Shelley relates the power and mystery of the West Wind, a part of nature, to the spirit by giving the wind a certain quality that makes it seem almost human. Shelley writes to the wind almost as if he were talking to another person. This characteristic of the poem seems to give the West Wind a lot of power, and makes

Topic: Cell Free Plasma DNA as a Predictor of Outcome in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock

555 words - 2 pages Introduction: The research is a clinical and correlation experiment performed by a Finland study group to find out the effect of increased concentration of cell free DNA found in 255 patients 18yrs or older who were seriously ill with whole body inflammatory state in both Intensive care unit and hospital mortality, as well as to see if there was a relation between cell free plasma DNA and organ failure.Procedure:Real time quantitative PCR assay

Comparison between two romantic writers. "You touched me" by D. H. Lawrence and "The use and abuse of history "by Friedrich Nietzsche. Compares topics such as happiness and life

902 words - 4 pages INTRODUCTIONIn this paper, I won't stick to only one topic. I will compare different topics, such as happiness and life between two romantic writers, D. H. Lawrence and Friedrich Nietzsche from D. H. Lawrence's You touched me and Friedrich Nietzche's The use and abuse of history taken from The twilight of the Idols. I will start talking about life and happiness by giving my own little definition of each of these two terms.LIFELife: one word

The subject of free will as shown in Kafka's "The Judgement", "A Report to the Academy", and "A Country Doctor"

687 words - 3 pages events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will," a belief that is clearly shown in all of his works, including the three short stories of "The Judgement," "A Country Doctor," and "A Report to the Academy."

Phillip Morris: Changing Marketing Strategies As a Result of New Governmental Laws and Regulation Regarding Smoking

3050 words - 12 pages result of the previous year. In 2012 net revenues reached $77,393 million, and the latest figure for 2013 is $80,029 million. The headquarters of the company are in New York and its Operation Center in Lausanne. It employs over 78,000 people worldwide. External Environment New Rules The first country to adopt the new legislations regarding smoking was the U.S. : in 1999, the state of California declared all the public and working places as

Concept of new worlds in "The Catcher In The Rye" and "My Life As A Dog"

1235 words - 5 pages How has the concept of ‘new worlds’ been presented by the director and author whose works you have studied?The concept of ‘new worlds’ manifests in some texts as the process of undertaking transformations to altered levels of understanding, realisation and insight. This concept is presented in many works; two examples being the popular novel The Catcher In The Rye (1951) by J.D. Salinger and Lasse Hallström’s award

The New Age Movement This paper outlines the New Age movement as a social movement including their basic beliefs and goals, who they are, and what they do, as well as their place in society

1846 words - 7 pages ascension. 10.You create your own reality and destiny. This is a planet of free choice and you have your own free will. (Lutts) The ideas and beliefs of the New Age movement are not new. Many of them date back a number of centuries since much is borrowed from ancient Eastern religions. The idea of reincarnation is one that most New Agers believe in. This is a common concept in many Eastern religions such as Hinduism. They believe that your soul

The Essay is A creative pieace for anything needed such as a short story feel free to change the names to pepoel you know and have fun

721 words - 3 pages and looked into windows . they also sane song's "like in the jungle" and some of the great Elton John hits on both king's castles.Brad then made both kings come into peaceful splendor as they realized this war was silly and became friends. King Justin and King Kevin built a great monument just for Brad and the panda crew.Because of Brad animals are allowed to roam free and it is said Brad will return to free the animals still remaining at the zoos ,But only time will tell.Editors My Dad , Zack Bell and KaitlinThank you guys for helping me with my spelling and grammar. It wouldn't be the same with out you .Name Scott GloverEng. Assign

Discuss reasons for, and ways in which, Abstract Expressionism was promoted as a radically new and distinctive style of painting

2231 words - 9 pages individuals by asserting a confident, American, individualistic and masculine style of art. Abstract Expressionism embodied and showcased on a world scale the more positive values of the USA - that is, the values of a liberal, free enterprise society with an emphasis on self-criticism and discussion. Hence, the movement was canonised, promoted and supported by such key American institutions as the international program at Museum of Modern Art

A look at the moral crisis of the 1920s - specifically: prohibition, fundamentalism, and the new women known as "flappers"

1350 words - 5 pages were women who were tired of being forced to be housewives and demanded to be treated as equals among the men. The crisis in values that occurred during the 1920's, as insignificant as it might seem today, forced Americans to reshape their way of thinking and make changes that left important effects on the years to come.Contrary to common opinion, prohibition was not created to stop drinking. There were already laws against intoxication and many

Similar Essays

Great Philosopher: Plato And Nietzsche Essay

945 words - 4 pages represent our ability to identify objects in life. They only represent objects but are not the official object, meaning that the actual entity simply gives out the shadow as an appearance rather than its true form of the concept. He explains that the objects humans see in the visible world are far from the truth and their true forms. But for Nietzsche, ‘As a means for the preservation of the individual, the intellect shows its greatest strengths in

Edmundlear Edmund Of King Lear As Nietzsche's Free Spirit

3028 words - 12 pages malice."9         In the context of the Free Spirit, the statement "I am here" is vital in its expressive totality.  Edmund, being the force of the Free Spirit wrapped up into a single man, is here in an eternal moment of conflict between man, himself, and other men.         In King Lear, the plot is driven by the conflicts of men, generations, and points of view.  Nietzsche sees this as the philosophy of humanity, developing and changing

The Question Of Free Will: Descartes, Hume, And Nietzsche

2474 words - 10 pages life’s freedom. Although Nietzsche gives substantial attention to the objection of free will or freedom as he sometimes calls it, and has true points; the German philosopher is not without oversights of his own. Rather than even partially crediting people with effects of their own actions, good or bad, Nietzsche frankly objects the ability to alter means of life. This discredits one’s play of events. Accountability becomes a question. When

A Free Spirit Of Rebellion, Mason And Dixon Show Flashbacks In Vineland

1806 words - 8 pages Vineland is set in California in 1984, the year of Ronald Reagan’s reelection. The story details the free spirit of rebellion of that decade through flashbacks by its characters. The novel describes the traits of the fascistic Nixonian repression and its War on Drugs that occurred in U.S. society from the 1960s to the 1980s. “The central quest is that of a daughter for her absent mother, and while the process by which the two are united involves