Nikita Sergeyevich Kruschev
Serving as one the most controversial leaders of the Soviet Union during its relatively short existence, Nikita Sergeyevich Khruschev proved to be a leader capable of transforming a nation. Through his many alterations to the systems by which the Soviets lived, he managed to increase the standard of living and productivity of this Communist State. Described as a man of enormous energy and drive, he was shrewd, tough, earthy, sociable and talkative, and he confidently took colossal gambles in both foreign and domestic policies. From his "Secret Speech" and the following De-Stalinization of the Union, to the friendly relations with other countries of the world, his goal to remodel the Soviet Union into an equally productive and prosperous nation as the United States (US) was partially fulfilled during his leadership. Khruschev help build the Soviet Union into the state of distinction in world affairs that it once was.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khruschev was born in 1894 in the poverty-stricken village of Kalinovka, in southern Russia. He became a member of the Communist party in 1918 during the civil war and married his first wife two years later. Following the death of his son Leonid in the Second World War, Khruschev remarried and together they bore three children. He became leader of the Stalin Industrial Academy's Moscow Party Organization shortly after joining the academy in 1929. Prior to his ascendancy to Prime Minister, he served in many leadership positions. Among these were First Secretary of the Moscow City Party Committee, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine, a full member of the Politburo (the highest decision-making body in the Soviet Union), and earned the rank of Lieutenant General in World War Two.
Joseph Stalin, long time dictator of the Soviet Union, died in 1953. One week after this occurrence, Khruschev took over control of the Communist party from Malenkov. He then proceeded to arrest Beria, head of the secret police, and execute him along with six of his aides. By this time he was the acknowledged head of the Communist party. He quickly rose to the position of Premier when, in 1956 he forced Malenkov to resign from the position. Following this he delivered a compelling speech to the people denouncing many of Stalin's actions. He expelled all of his remaining rivals in June of 1957. The four main rivals, Molotov, Malenkov, Kaganovich, and Shepilov, were not executed as a responsible action to exhibit Khruschev's compassion and responsibility in an effort to boost public support. As a result of this political campaign based on responsibility and compassion, he freed many political prisoners and urged peaceful coexistence with the West. This process of solidifying his leadership took a long time and was a great risk to him and his people because of the past popularity and support of Stalin and his ways.
Although he seemed to be steering the Soviet Union in...