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Nikola Tesla Essay

1430 words - 6 pages

There was once a man. He was relatively misunderstood by almost everyone he ever came in contact with. People thought him to be insane and overly hungry for knowledge of the future. He did have a thirst for knowledge involving electricity, physics, and other related sciences, but all of the information he learned helped in the creation of multiple scientific inventions that changed the world. Without Nikola Tesla the world would not be quite as technologically advanced as it is today.
Nikola Tesla was born on July 10, 1856 in the European country of Croatia to Mulutin and Djuka Tesla. His father, Mulutin, was a Serbian Orthodox Priest. His mother, Djuka, was an inventor of various household appliances. Growing up under the influence of his mother may have fueled the ideas floating around in his head. Seeing that it was possibly for her, he thought it was equally possible for himself to succeed.
He studied at the Polytechnic Institute in Austria and the University of Prague. In the beginning of his education, Tesla had intentions to mainly study physics and mathematics. However, his mind became enthralled with electricity, and he soon began a career with a telephone company as an electrical engineer. It was not long before his mind started to produce designs for machines involving electricity. The first of many was for an induction motor. "While in Strassbourg in 1883, he privately built a prototype of the induction motor and ran it successfully. Unable to interest anyone in Europe in promoting this radical device, Tesla accepted an offer to work for Thomas Edison in New York" (Vujovic). Since Tesla's childhood, he had dreamed of harnessing hydro-electric power from Niagara Falls, which was located in New York. Moving to America would make this dream closer to a reality for him, and Niagara Falls could potentially serve a more beneficial purpose than just aesthetics to the people living in the area nearby.
His dream did eventually come true in 1895. His ideas, along with help from George Westinghouse, led to the creation of the first hydro-electric power station in the world. It was located on the land mass in the middle of Niagara Falls called Goat Island. The only remaining power plant house, Adam's Station, which once housed ten 5,000 horsepower generators, has since became a national landmark and a museum.
Tesla's induction motor is described by the Franklin Institute. "In the two-phase motor, two sets of coils are set perpendicular to each other surrounding the core. When alternating current is sent to the coils, they become electromagnets where polarity rapidly changes with each reversal of current flow. As the first coils are supplied with current, they create a magnetic field which starts the core turning. When the first coils' current supply reverses, the second coil set is at its maximum supply point and creates its own magnetic field; the core spins on. In effect the "magnetization" amount never varies and a rotating magnetic field is...

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