Nikola Tesla Essay

1561 words - 6 pages

Nikola Tesla was born midnight on July 10, 1856, in Smiljan, Lika, which at that time was part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, which is now known as Croatia. His father was named Milutin Tesla and he was a Serbian Orthodox Priest. Djuka Mandic was his mother and she invented household appliances. Tesla was the fourth child of five, having one older brother and three younger sisters. In 1873, Tesla studied at the the Polytechnic Institute in Graz, Austria and the University of Prague. At first, he wanted to pursue in physics and mathematics, but shortly after he became extremely interested in electricity. He began studying alternating current their also. Supposedly he had a photographic memory being able to memorize complete books. In December 1878, he left Graz and his family. In 1881, he started his career as an electrical engineer working for a telephone company in Budapest. It was around that time that Tesla was able to discover the solution for the rotating magnetic field. He was able to describe the basics of the induction motor to his peers. Later his alternating current induction motor would be considered one of the ten greatest discoveries of all time. Before coming to America, Tesla joined the Continental Edison Company in Paris where he designed. In February 1882, Tesla discovered the rotating magnetic field, an important principle in physics and it was also the start to pretty much all devices that use alternating current. In 1883, he secretly built a prototype of the induction motor which he was able to run successfully. Nobody in Europe cared about promoting his unqualified device, Tesla then accepted an offer to work for Thomas Edison in New York. His childhood dream was to come to America and to be able to grasp the power of Niagara Falls and use it with his motor. In 1884, Nikola Tesla came to the United State. In New Jersey, Tesla had gone and started improving Thomas Edison’s line of dynamos (also called an electric generator), while he was working in Edison’s lab. Edison had offered Tesla fifty-thousand dollars to try and improve Edison’s direct current machines. Tesla did this and Edison had told Tesla that the fifty-thousand dollars was just a joke and later he would appreciate it. It was here that his difference of opinion with Edison over direct current versus alternating current started. This disagreement was called the war of the currents. Edison fought as hard as he could to protect his investment in direct current equipment and buildings. Tesla began to point out the worthlessness of Edison’s direct current electrical equipment that has been being built up around the Atlantic seaboard.Tesla had noticed Edison’s lamps were weak and worthless when supplied by direct current. This system had a severe disadvantage in that it could not be transported more than two miles due to it not being able to step up to high voltage levels that were necessary for long distance transmission. Because of this a direct current power...

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