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"Nineteen Eighty" Four By Orwell Essay

997 words - 4 pages

The State of Oceania was a place where society was controlled by thegovernment especially the lower class. Since the lower class didn't really have a lifeand weren't educated, the government knew it would be very easy to control themin three distinct but powerful ways. The Inner Party which is the government,controlled the people of Oceania by telescreens, doublethink, and propaganda.These three methods are so powerful in making the lower class believe thatOceania is at war with Eastasia. Big Brother is the Inner Party leader and,Emmanuel Goldstein is the Enemy of the Party.The first and far most compelling method in controlling the people is the useof telescreens. They are screens placed in the walls of almost every building andMinistry in Oceania. You are constantly being watched and informed by what ishappening outside of Oceania. They are used for showing the enemy EmmanuelGoldstein who is the principal figure on the daily Two Minute Hate. The mainfocus of the telescreens is the image of Big Brother. Big Brother is always shownon the screen to make the people believe that Oceania is winning the war. BigBrother is the leader of the Inner Party, and Emmanuel Goldstein plays the role ofkeeping the citizens fearful that they might do or say, or even think, somethingharmful to the State and the Party. The telescreens attempt to control the intellectand emotions of its citizens. The telescreens prove the emotional loyalty to BigBrother, who alone has the power to create and to destroy anyone he wants. Thepeople know that every move they make is being constantly watched by thetelesceens and if committing a thoughtcrime they will be punished immediately.'A new poster had suddenly appeared all over London. It had no caption, andrepresented simply the monstrous figure of a Eurasian soldier, three of four metershigh striding forward with expressionless Mongolian face and enormous boots, asubmachine gun pointed from his hip. From whatever angle you looked at theposter, the muzzle of the gun, magnified by the foreshortening seemed to be pointedstraight at you. The thing had been plastered on every blank space on every wall,even outnumbering the portraits of Big Brother.'1The telescreens are such a power tool in controlling the people. What ever the InnerParty wants the people to see and believe can be easily placed on the telescreen andwatched day after day. They can play with your minds and brainwash you beforeyou realize it. The truth lies in the mind of every person and the telescreen is thebest form of controlling the mind of every individual.The second method the Party uses to control the people of Oceania isDoublethink. Doublethink is a way of thinking in contradictory terms at the sametime. Its purpose is to deny citizens of Oceania any possibility of questioning rapidand hypocritical chances in policy. It therefore gives the government the power ofcontrol the minds and thoughts of the people. Newspeak encourages and enforcesdoublethink. The...

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