Assistive technology is technology, which is used by an individual that has a disability to allow the individual to perform roles that may otherwise be difficult or impossible to complete. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder learn differently than other children, often have struggle with spoken and written language expression. Assistive technologies are devices which help children with autism completes everyday tasks they struggle with. Many devices, any touch screens, like an IPad or IPhone in the use of certain applications can be used. Applications such as a touch to speak or feelings applications to help express what they have trouble communicating. The practice of combining new technology and devices will support, improve, and help a child with autism’s learning process. The use of different communication technologies provides learning materials and ideas, assist and communication in the classroom. Communication technology can be utilized effectively in teaching students with autism in an early childhood setting.
Autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that causes problems with an individual’s social skills and communication. There are different levels of autism. Levels of autism can be low, mild or severe, and is different in every individual. Individuals diagnosed with autism may have struggles with communication, social skill and expressing their feeling. Although there is no cure for autism, there are intervention and alternative and augmentative technologies, which can be provided for the individual in need.
According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, “supporting the development and use of technology, including assistive technology devices and assistive technology services, to maximize accessibility for children with disabilities” (Turnbull, Huerta & Stowe, 2009). Commutation technology will benefit children with autism, however before considering any type of device for the child, the child should first be evaluated by a specialist. Specialist need to first assess the child’s needs and weaknesses. After the assessment the specialist will guide both the parents and educators in the direction for helping the child and helping with the use of the technology recommended. When the specialist is considering a type of device that would best fit the child, the specialist will determines the device by the child’s skills, communication abilities and the student’s strengths and weaknesses. The IDEA States, assistive technology devices, “Includes virtually any item, regardless of its origin, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capacities of a child with a disability.” But excludes “a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of such a device (Turnbull, Huerta & Stowe, 2009). All school districts are required to provide any type of assistive technology to a child with a disability in the school district.
Choosing a communication technology...