This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

No Aid, No Violation: Answers To Questions

2925 words - 12 pages

YBeersinghPSYMCE2013
“No Aid, No Violation/YB”

1. In this equating design, the test takers were randomly assigned to take the old and new forms of the test. Kin and Kolen (2010) pointed out that population invariance was used to ensure that the scale was fixed across all test forms. However, the use of the common item non-equivalent groups design would be more appropriate since the non-repeaters and repeaters differ in their abilities. The use of the common or anchor items will indicate the performance of non-repeaters in comparison to the repeaters (Kolen and Brennan, 2004).
2. According to Livingston (2004), unsmoothing equipercentile equating (USEE) is generally used when the sample size is large. Kim & Kolen (2010) indicated that non-repeaters are more able than repeaters; this may create irregularities in the data. Kim and Kolen (2010) pointed out that the unsmoothed method is most appropriate in the study in order to avoid to the influence of the smoothed equipercentile equating method (used to remove irregularities) on population invariance. For example, smoothing could produce lower standard errors than the USEE Kolen and Brennan (2004). As a result, unsmoothing equipercentile equating method was used.
3. The equally-weighted root expected square difference (ewREMSD) was used in the study to give equal weight to all score points and to examine the impact of the subgroups on the test takers success or failure designations. The standardized root squared difference (RSD) was used to determine the equating difference between the subgroup, where the RSD index compares equating functions for the non-repeaters and repeaters to the total groups. The RWSD compared the subgroups by pairing and assigning an index to them and to detect population dependence of equating for the groups. The purpose of the standardized difference that matters (DTM) was to evaluate the magnitude of the RMSD, RSD, REMSD and the ewREMSD (Kim & Kolen, 2010).
4. According the Kolen and Brennan (2004), the region for the score distribution of equating precision and reliability estimate should cover a range of scores six standard deviations units from -3SD + 3SD. This will enable test psychometricians to represents scores using the normal curve.
5. The non-equivalent group anchor-test (NEAT) would be used to equate multiple forms of the MCAT. Under the NEAT design, different test forms are administered to different populations. The new and reference forms will include a set of common (anchor) items which will serve as the link to conduct the new form equating (Hou, Wang, & Vispoel, 2008). Since there is moderate to large ability difference between the groups (repeaters and non-repeaters), the chained equating (CE) and the poststratification equating (PSE) methods are two widely used equating methods under the NEAT design (Kolen & Brennan, 2004; Hou et al., 2008) that will be used to test the equating conditions. These methods will be examined using the...

Find Another Essay On No Aid, No Violation: Answers to Questions

Say No To Annexation Essay

771 words - 3 pages Say No To Forced AnnexationWhy am I devoting insane amounts of precious personal time to actively join in the fight against the legality of forced annexation in the great state of Texas? For the most part, simply because "it just ain't right". As a citizen of this great country, I firmly believe in my philosophical right to choose where, and under what conditions I want to live.Texas was founded on the rural lifestyle which has become an

Say No To DRUGS! Essay

541 words - 2 pages substances those contained in that good. Nowadays, saying NO to drugs is the hardest thing you ever have to do.Drugs become an easy escape from life troubles. Example, you can't concentrate in the exam because your girlfriend or boyfriend broke up with you, and you failed the exam, you will feel worse then before. Then you start trying to escape from your troubles by consume drugs. Remember, drugs can make people who consume it addicted for his/her whole

No Access To Anthrax

584 words - 2 pages No Access to Anthrax On September 11, Americans faced their worst nightmare. In New York City, two airplanes crashed into the World Trade Centers and completely destroyed them. In Washington, D.C., another airplane crashed into the Pentagon and destroyed part of it. And one more airplane crashed in Pennsylvania. These four airplanes have killed more than 6,000 innocent people, who were trying to make living and live their life and did not know

No Need to Worry

1131 words - 5 pages my car. It was nice seeing how nice people are from the start. Sure that might have been forced to do that, but no one really complained and they all had smiles on their face. Seeing them smile, just reinsured my decision to come to Hanover. I wanted to be surrounded by people who make me a better person and I chose the right place. Walking into the dorm, the place was flooded with people. I did not know how to take it. I got to my room and met

Say No to Doping!

1291 words - 6 pages Jamaica’s sprinters, also failed the drug test (Williamson) . The absence of these two big names in the 100m game has affected the whole world. The 100m game is no longer favorite among the sports enthusiasts because without these two athletes, the game will be less competitive. If more and more sprinters are about to be banned because of the drug test, it is possible to see there will be no more spectators in the stadium watching this game. Thirdly

No Place to Go

1423 words - 6 pages homelessness (Killiam, 2008). As stated in the article, Jehan Benton states that it is cheaper in the long run to give a homeless person a home than it is to provide temporary food and shelter (Killiam, 2008). Jehan Benton states that “they could spend $20,000 on one person, with no change and be right back where they started or you can spend $10,000 and the person is in a home” and not depleting public resources (Killiam, 2008). The limits of the

No to GMO

2359 words - 9 pages Newberg 1Josh NewbergProfessor SamuelsonEnglish 101-0269 December 2013No To GMOFood is an element of survival that all people must obtain to live. Animals struggle everyday to find food for themselves as well as their young. But food isn't something that people just need. Humans in general enjoy food and everything about it: the smell, the appearance, the texture, and the taste. Overall, food sounds like a wonderful thing. But actually, food has

No reason to smoke

1286 words - 6 pages everybody knew cigarettes are not healthy; therefor the majority of the smoking population started using e-cigarettes thinking they are not harmful. Although the FDA proves there are lethal chemicals incorporated in e-cigarettes as well; therefore everybody need to know there is no such thing as safe smoking. The smoking of cigarettes can help a person relieve or manage stress, although they can cause a deep hole in a person’s income budget or financial

Answers to Plant and Animal Questions

2612 words - 11 pages Onur Baykal 3-10-14 Class: 44s Homework #24 – Plant and Animal Essay Questions 1. In general, respiration refers to the process by which organisms undergo gas exchange. More specifically, in order for an organism to complete the process of respiration, a continuous source of oxygen is required, and as such many different organisms have undergone various structural and physiologic alterations for the taking in of oxygen. One specific living

Answers to Questions Regarding Healthcare: Class Questionnaire

947 words - 4 pages 1. In most of these countries, does universal coverage provide the gold standard of care? What is the gold standard of care? The Gold Standard of care is framework aimed to ensure all patients have a good death; basically this is the end of life care. There is no single gold standard; its eligibility and assessment requires multiple viewpoints. The gold standard has five goals. • Consistent high quality care; • Alignment with patients

Answers and explains questions pertaining to ethics

977 words - 4 pages , 4. To resolve conflicts of interest in just and orderly way, and 5. To assign praise and blame, reward and punishment, and guilt. These 4 principles are the basis for morality. I feel that Utilitarianism in no way fulfills all of these purposes however; it definitely promotes a few of them. First Utilitarianism has a few flaws, due to the fact that the purpose of utilitarianism is to do what produces the most good, something is right if it

Similar Essays

No Good Answers Essay

951 words - 4 pages No Good Answers There are few issues for writers of prose, poetry, or lyrics more controversial than abortion. It inflames most who read it, and the issue can seldom be resolved without animosity. Ernest Hemingway and the Ben Folds / Darren Jessee songwriting duo circumvent this problem by not actually letting the audience know the final outcome. That decision is left to the individual reader or listener. Ernest Hemingway

Ask Me No Questions By Marina Budhos

1059 words - 5 pages would come next. Having privilege in society is a crucial aspect of life. Privilege implies acceptance. This becomes apparent when Nadira and Aisha visit Mr. Rashid to get answers about her father. Aisha expresses her opinion by saying, “My parents may not be as educated or rich or desirable as your other clients over there. But we count too” (Budhos, p. 65). Later on at the police station where Uncle is being held, an officer tells

"The No. 1 Ladies Detective Agency" Alexander Mc Call Smith Questions

898 words - 4 pages within the detective you get the dark and the light. He is no longer just a figure representing the good part of man's nature he may have within his personality the seeds of corruption which he undoubtedly does have.The detective novel has a death at the heart of it, a death which is mysterious. At the end of the book, we know what we didn't know to begin with, that is, who committed the murder. Therefore, one of the prime interests in detective

Aid Has Made No Benefit Essay

2288 words - 10 pages just like individuals that had unique complex systems and that complexity-just like each individual person- required a different diagnosis, and therefore set of prescriptions. Instead of the panacea that the IMF and World Bank had consistently injected poor economies with, the so-called “structural adjustments”-which was heavily influenced by the “Washington Consensus- that were prerequisites to loans and aid, that only impoverished those