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No Guns, Germs And Steel By Jared Diamond

930 words - 4 pages

In the novel Guns Germs and Steel, an American biologist named Jared Diamond is attempting to answer a question from a New Guinean politician named Yali, in July 1972. Yali asked him: (1)“Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people hat little cargo of our own?” For over thirty years, Diamond was investigating our inferred history for clues, to answer Yali’s question. He published a scientific opinion that explains how geography is to blame for the dispersal of power, as few societies and civilizations inhabiting in the Middle East had access to resources, such as the seeds of highly nutritious crops alike wheat and barley, and useful livestock such as cow and sheep, which others did not. Diamond answers this question with the opinion of an American biologist, not a historian, by using only scientific evidence and inferred history. Personally, I find his Geographical Luck theory spurious, because he failed to consider specific traits of past civilizations, such as their varying behavior and possible migration opportunities.

I argue with Diamond’s theory, because every civilization had unique behaviors and opinions about the quality of their wealth and power. All human societies had various worldviews about how comfortably they should live, and how powerful they should become. For instance, Europeans believed that they should become tremendously wealthy and prestige, and surpass all other powers in the world, in terms of development of society and abundance in resources. It’s because of their grit on resources and power, and their avid nature that they were able to develop cutting-edge technologies, such as deadly guns, infectious germs, and powerful steel before all other civilizations in their time. (2)The Haudenosaunee aboriginals in Canada, however, sensed that they should always live on Mother Nature’s land and valued everything in nature as equal. Therefore, they never bothered to develop anything that surpassed other societies, as they had no need for competition. Behavior is unquestionably something important which Diamond did not consider, because he was biased against the humiliation of underdeveloped countries in our world, and by favoring science. He blamed it on geography, while he never considered the opinions of the civilizations. If a tribe of people would have wanted power, they could have migrated to other areas in the world, depending on their behavior. These societies reinforce my position, because they demonstrate how scientific inferences cannot lead to premature conclusions about the past.

I also oppose Diamond’s theory on geography, because he does not visualize the opportunities of the people who inhabited unique or unsuitable territories. (3)The Inca people of South America, for example, resided in their ancient territories for thousands of years,...

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