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No Oil Drilling In The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

1067 words - 4 pages

“Drill Baby Drill” was the comment used by Republican National Chairman Michael Steele at the 2008 Republican National Convention. It became the motto for many pro-offshore drilling advocates, including vice president Republican nominee Sarah Palin. These advocates are trying to destroy the Alaskan preserves, just because Alaska is wealthy in oil. However, Alaska is wealthy in more than just oil. It is wealthy in beauty, wildlife, and culture. Americans and native Alaskans must endorse and implement an environmental law to support wildlife population. Or else overwhelming effects will follow. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, more commonly known as the ANWR , and other barren lands in Alaska, has a history of combating oil production. In 1923, twenty-three million acres of land was set aside an oil reserve, which became the Naval Petroleum Reserve number four, but later the name changed to the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska. Then, in 1952, a group of scientists released an article called “The Last Great Wilderness,” about Alaska being the last great land America has yet to fully explore and conquer. This article “concluded that the Northeastern corner of Alaska would be ideal for a wildlife protection area.” The United States responded to the article by setting aside two specific areas in Northeastern Alaska. The first, along the North Slope area by the Prudhoe Bay, is for oil and gas production. This is in addition to the National Petroleum Reserve. The second area is about nine million acres on the coastal plain that became the ANWR . Later, the discovery of lots of oil near the ANWR led manufacturers and pro-offshore drilling advocates to show a great interest in opening the ANWR to drilling. Luckily, the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act passed in 1980. This act increased the ANWR lands to nineteen million acres, divided so that eight million became isolated wilderness, one and a half million acres became a coastal plain study area, and the remaining nine and a half million acres became the wildlife refuge. The wildlife refuge is where the largest debate over oil is. The ANWR is first a home and form of shelter for many caribou, geese, snow foxes, and other animals. These animals maintain their population naturally through the food chain: salmon feed the bears and wolves, deer and caribou eat the plants and are food for wolves and other predators. When a company, person, or group of people chooses to change just one aspect of this marvelous food chain, the whole environment is distraught in the end.
In Addition, animals are not the only facet of the food chain. Native Alaskans, and some non-native hunters, prey on the salmon, deer, and moose as viable food sources. Other visitors kill an unbelievable amount of animals for sport. Killing for sport leads to the populations diminishing; this makes it harder for native Alaskans who rely on the animals for food to find food. In order to “put more food on lots of Alaskan...

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