In the United States, education plays a vital role for the government. It was a major interest of our Founding Fathers in writing the Constitution because our democracy relies on an educated society. John Adams once stated, “Education for every class and rank of people down to the lowest and poorest.” Our Founding Fathers did not want education only for the upper class, but also for the lower class as well. Education is essential for the development and prosperity of our country. It has enhanced American financial and administrative leadership. In acknowledging the importance of education, the federal government took upon a grander role of financing public schools with the passage of Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in 1965, which along the years was subjected to various reauthorizations. In 2001, the reauthorizations included No Child Left behind Act (NCLB), which required the states to set the standards for student performance as well as teacher quality. This act helps the educational advancement in schools because it improves the comprehensiveness and fairness of the American education.
The NCLB Act was signed by former President George Bush in 2002, which was created to improve student and achievement gaps. In the article, “No Child Left behind and the Transformation of Federal Education Policy”, Patrick J. McGuinn exclaimed, “No Child Left behind is an attempt by the federal government to regulate educational policy in the 50 states” (Patrick McGuinn,2007, p. 370). It is also designed to make sure that all students can achieve high standards from all states which include students with disabilities. Before the NCLB was passed, students with disabilities were excluded from school assessments. Now that this act was passed, this law works with the Individuals with Education Act of 1997, and as a result, students with disabilities are given the same educational opportunities as the other students. In addition, NCLB imposes that all teachers needs to be highly qualified in order to work in schools. For a teacher to be highly qualified or appropriately licensed, they must obtain a bachelor’s degree and pass a state certification in the content area of their teaching skills to show that they have knowledge in the particular subjects so that they can provide the best education for student learning.
The principles of the No Child Left behind Act dates back to the Brown vs. Board of Education case in 1954. This was when the United States Supreme Court outlawed racial segregation in public schools and determined that “separate but equal” was unconstitutional. The NCLB is currently a state and local function that is envisioned by our founding Fathers. It guarantees the responsibility and flexibility in the increase in federal support for education. Moreover, it continues the legacy of the Brown v. Board of Education decision by creating a system that is more comprehensive, responsive and unbiased.
The goals and requirements of NCLB were...