No Such Agency Essay

1735 words - 7 pages

America’s international supremacy originates from the hard work of her agencies at home which provide a strong foundation for security and international diplomacy. One of these security agencies is the National Security Agency, or NSA. The NSA “[is] nicknamed ‘No Such Agency’ because of its ultra-secrecy” (Gearan). As the only world superpower, the United States must have a strong security organization to protect her from foreign destruction. For this reason, it is appropriate that “[b]y 2008, the NSA had become the largest, most costly, and most technologically sophisticated spy organization the world has ever known” (Bamford 1). The National Security Agency is a beneficial government ...view middle of the document...

In 1951, President Truman ordered an analysis to search for what caused the lack of prompt intelligence sharing and action needed desperately at the beginning of the Cold War Era (Howe 16-17). The analysis revealed that the existing intelligence programs could not work at full efficiency due to the complicated bureaucracy in the intelligence community (Howe 16-17). The analysis committee recommended the formation of a new agency with greater powers, clear responsibilities, and free “from the crippling line of subordination … and, instead, be directly subordinate to the Secretary of Defense” (Howe 17). In 1952, President Truman, in conjunction with the National Security Council, created the National Security Agency (“A History of the NSA”; Howe 17).
Since the September 11, 2001, attacks, the modern National Security Agency has many responsibilities to the United States. The NSA “leads the U.S. Government in cryptology that encompasses both Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Information Assurance (IA) products and services, and enables Computer Network Operations (CNO) in order to gain a decision advantage for the Nation and our allies” (“Mission”). The Signals Intelligence section “collects, processes, and disseminates” information from foreign sources for intelligence, counterintelligence, and military support purposes (“Mission”). Information Assurance services at the NSA protect U.S. classified information from being viewed by enemies of the U.S. (“Mission”). Additionally, the NSA facilitates Network Warfare against terrorists abroad, and, in the execution of all of its activities, the NSA is careful to stay within the laws of the U.S. and honor the rights and liberties of the American people (“Mission”). The five goals of the NSA are to succeed in operations, prepare for the future, improve and lead an expert workforce, implement best business practices, and manifest principled performance (“NSA/CSS Strategy”).
Contrary to popular belief, the President had and continues to have authority to authorize the NSA’s terrorist surveillance program (United States, U.S. Department of Justice 1). This program attempts to detect and report potential acts of terrorism before they happen. The Constitution provides authority for the President, as both the Commander-in-Chief and the Chief Executive, to authorize the creation of the NSA’s terrorist surveillance program (United States, U.S. Department of Justice 1). In addition, Congress reaffirmed the President’s authority by passing the Authorization for Use of Military Force Act, or the AUMF (United States, U.S. Department of Justice 1). The AUMF Act states that the “President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001” (S. J. Res. 23). As a result of this act, not only is the President allowed to take any measures, but he is also...

Find Another Essay On No Such Agency

The National Security Agency Essay

1687 words - 7 pages : President George W. Bush. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "Central Security Service (CSS)." National Security Agency - NSA/CSS. National Security Agency, 21 Nov. 2012. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. Engdahl, Sylvia, ed. Domestic Wiretapping. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2008. Print. Exec. Order No. 13392, 3 C.F.R. 75373 (2005). Print. Fridell, Ron. Spying: The Modern World of Espionage. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-first Century, 2002. Print. "A History of the NSA." The

Agency In Gender And Performativity Essay

1347 words - 5 pages they peons in her manipulation of the performativity of the imposed roles.Since Ruth is being performed, even if partially, by the desires of the men around her it appears that, contrary to the earlier proposal, she has no agency and she is just reacting to the pressure of the family demands. On the male side of the family for a moment, the men are desiring the prescribed feminine roles because it is an aspect of their male performativity

Relationship of Agent and Sale Price of Property

836 words - 4 pages firm, the broker will represents the seller’s exclusive broker. No matter what type is the agency representation, the agent has to reveal to both the seller and buyer clearly that he or she represents who and what is the meaning of such representation. Conversely, there are some evidences that can identify the variety of agency representation will only influence smaller- to medium-sized properties. In other words, the sale prices for very small

Challenges of Formal and Informal Law

804 words - 3 pages hearing on the record this would be a formal hearing, and informal hearings are completed with no record and no adherence to evidentiary rules, and final decisions are made by the agency (Harrington, 2009). This paper will briefly discuss the continuum of legal formality’s advantages and disadvantages through administrative law. Administrative law is designed to control and correct administrative government and focuses on the procedural

Arizona and Child Protective Services Proposal

1856 words - 7 pages issue of the children's’ safety is put at a greater risk. Especially when the agency whose sole job is to protect those childrens’ rights, that is when a need for a solution is imposed. Not only are the children affected, but the economy, as well as the local state government. However all of these factors could be readily solved by Arizona’s state governor, Jan Brewer. Because of this, a plan that appeals to the mass crowd should be implemented such

Pinkerton National Detective Agency

1634 words - 7 pages The Pinkerton National Detective Agency was started with the intention of finding counterfeiters and train robbers, then it evolved into an organization that investigated Lincoln’s assassination, stopped many criminal organizations such as the Butch Cassidy and the Wild Bunch, and spy work in the Civil War. In addition, the agency has shown the ability to be progressive for they were the first to enter criminals into a database, and were the

The National Security Scam

1457 words - 6 pages September 11th, 2001, arguably the most unforgettable day in modern history of the United States of America. It is a day that acts as a launch pad for the National Security Agency (NSA) and the plea for unlawful surveillance of Americans. The National Security Agency is understood to have the power to “global monitoring, collection, decoding, and analysis -- through clandestine means -- of information for foreign intelligence and

Reading Response

659 words - 3 pages another person’s options for agency are limited by another. I would think that all agency is a positive thing for a movement such as the feminist movement. Evans & Williams “Subjectivity”: Subjectivity is also an important concept for gender studies as it refers to both the process and relationships that an individual forms with society and discourses they were born into. Like agency, subjectivity is also a part of our foundation and building blocks of

The Pros and Cons of Contracting Out In The Public Sector

2472 words - 10 pages . Why is contracting out so attractive to a public agency? Privatizing has its advantages that represent benefits to the agency. Although reducing costs and improving services have been cited as the most important reasons services are privatized by agencies, contracting out offers the attractiveness of hiring a contract employee over a public employee. This occurs because of the apparent advantages offered by such options (Dilger et al. 23). Some

Group Behavior and Processes

711 words - 3 pages the arrest process. When the arrest process takes place, eviction notices needs to go out to those with criminal records at the same time in coordination with the arrests. Once an apartment unit opens up the bureaucracy moves a new resident in with no criminal record and none on their children's record. Every six months gradually going to once a year external audits need to assess the performance on the low income government housing agency to

A Review of the Doctrine of Agency by Necessity

1990 words - 8 pages . These conditions are, (1) it must be impracticable for the agent to communicate with the principal, (2) the act of the agent must be absolutely necessary for the interests of the principal, and (3) there should be no express clauses in the contract of agency preventing the same. The principal cannot be held liable for such acts of the agent unless they are done bona fide in the best interest of the principal. Also, it must be proved as a

Similar Essays

Agency Costs, Corporate Governance Mechanisms Andownership Structure In Large Uk Sebs , Masters In Finance Summary

2184 words - 9 pages quoted companies. According to Jensen (1986) agency costs ascend from the dissimilarity of interest between shareholders and managers during the course of ownership separation and control. In short, UK companies are required to adopt board structures in line with the Combined Code of best practise. Cloes, Lemmon and Mascke (2005), Coles, Deniel and Naveen (2008) and Boone, Field, Karpoff and Raheja (2007) argue that firms following such corporate

Marxism Essay

1119 words - 4 pages catalyst to the uprising of the masses to make this change. Such belief suggests that agency would be used to change the structure to the direction it was already headed toward, as ?not criticism but revolution is the driving force of history? (Marx ?The Materialist Concept of History?, 11), indicating that agency?s intermittent upheavals and restructuring of the structure is necessary, and that structure isn?t an entity which supercedes agency

Social Science And Social Scientists Essay

1258 words - 5 pages studies to find examples to compare and contrast these concepts my choice would be Burnett and Whyte’s (Burnett and Whyte, 2011, pp16-21) attempt to interpret facts through the concepts of “Power and Powerlessness” and “agency” with shadow workers described as having little “power” to shape their own lives and having little or no “agency” over the conditions of work. According to this concept this lack of “power” exposes workers to numerous risks

Echelon, Violating Our Rights One Step At A Time : Essay About The Spy Tool Used By Usuk Govenments

628 words - 3 pages Echelon, violating our rights one step at a timeThe forth amendment is under attack by the United States of America's National Security Agency. The United States Constitution's Forth Amendment states "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and