This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Non Violent Resistance Could Never Work Against A Ruthless Despot Like Stalin Or Hitler.

1959 words - 8 pages

Nonviolent resistance is often criticized for being ineffective or futile against a determined ruthless and oppressive opponent (Summy 1994: 2). Against a less ruthless opponent, for example a democratic regime, non-violence is arguably more successful. This is because democratic regimes have institutional checks and balances which constrain state instruments of power from acting in the same manner that dictatorships would. Thus, as Kim Beazley identifies, Mahatma Gandhi's largely nonviolent satyagraha struggle against British imperialism succeeded because of the moral constraints faced by the occupying British (Beazley, cited in Summy 1994: 5), as well as the risk of political damage back in Britain. This then begs the question of how effective nonviolent resistance would be against ruthless despots like Stalin, Hitler and their totalitarian states. Through an analysis of the nature of the totalitarian regimes in question, and an analysis of attempts to nonviolently challenge these regimes, this paper will argue that depending on certain factors, nonviolent resistance can be of some use against a totalitarian rival. In the end however, the instances of nonviolent resistance against such regimes were only partially successful, and ultimately it was violence, and in Stalin's case death, which brought about their demise.Although nonviolence as a form of resistance rose to prominence following the ousting of the British from India, the history of nonviolence can be traced back to Republican Rome circa 300 B.C, when plebeian peasants refused to pay a senate issued levy to fund a forthcoming war (Mommsen 1968: 109). Nonviolent resistance can encompass a wide range of strategies, some of which are not effective in all situations. Broadly, according to Bob Irwin and Gordon Faison, nonviolent resistance can take the form of protest and persuasion, non-cooperation and intervention (1984: 2). Gene Sharp goes into further detail by including economic boycotts, strikes and political non-cooperation (1973: XIV). In spite of the diversity and wide scope of nonviolent resistance however, certain features of Fascist and Stalinist systems and the grip these ideologies had over the German and Russian people severely blunted the effectiveness of nonviolent resistance.The commonality between Hitler's Third Reich and Stalin's Soviet Union is that they were both totalitarian states. Although Fascism and Stalinist Communism were polar opposites ideologically, both regimes saw the state as a means to an end, which involved the use of terror and brutality to abolish civil society (Heywood 2003: 227). The goals of Nazi Germany were revolutionary - the Third Reich strove to change not only the international order of states in Europe, but also the organic nature of those states (Mann 1997: 142). It was these reactionary, revolutionary goals, which ultimately justified and brought about the intended slaughter of Nazism's real and perceived enemies. Stalin's motivation for...

Find Another Essay On Non-violent resistance could never work against a ruthless despot like Stalin or Hitler.

The Role of Music in Theatrical Work: Modern Music that Could be Used to Enhance Shakespeare's Play "As You Like It"

1705 words - 7 pages Music is an important element of any theatrical work. It sets up the setting, mood, and emotions for the audience. Different songs can tell stories whether sad or happy. In “As You Like It” by William Shakespeare, there are many scenes where the traditional play music can be replaced with modern contemporary and still give the story the same meaning. There are songs that describe the blossoming romance and friendship of Rosalind and Orlando and

A Comparison Of Hitler And Stalin

2153 words - 9 pages being a hero,they would be helping the poor families, or be holding a small child.It was these photos that these men became appealing to the public.These photos give you the idea that they are caring, loving and justcompletely concerned for the well-being of the people. The use ofpropaganda was a big contributor to the success of both men.Since Hitler and Stalin were able to manipulate people withtheir propaganda, they could convince people of

A Crime is A Crime: Violent and non-Violent Criminals

583 words - 2 pages have to think outside the box. Try to imagine all the other possibilities that could have happened during these crimes. In order to stop crimes like deadly car accidents and deadbeat parents we as society need to set an example by incarcerating these non-violent criminals. I believe most criminals who commit a small act will later result to a huge crime. I don’t feel it is safe or fair to overlook a non-violent criminal. Most criminal can be

Shylock A Ruthless Villain or A Persecuted Victim

1501 words - 7 pages lose all or most of the sympathy they had for Shylock, thus making him look like a villain. In Act 2 Scene 3 Shylock is portrayed as being a victim because Jessica who is Shylocks daughter upset because a “heinous sin is it in me, to be ashamed to be my father’s child!” “Heinous” and “sin” have connotations of religious guilt and effectively convey to the audience how upset Jessica is to be her fathers child, ashamed of her own blood and this also

A Womans Work Never Ends

561 words - 2 pages requires employers to pay all employees equally for equal work, regardless of their gender. However, this law has a very big weakness; it only applies when men and women are doing the exact same work, yet in the past, women have been denied many types of work and have had limited entree to managerial positions. Therefore, the act affects a very small number of women. In fact, Census Bureau figures show that women working full-time jobs still earn

A Comparison of Stalin and Hitler as Dictators

1504 words - 6 pages after a four year power struggle with Trotsky after Lenin's death in 1924. . In order to prevent concurrence, both Hitler and Stalin later on dismissed the people that were seen as concurrence or that had helped achieving power. Hitler ordered the assassination of Roehms, the SA leader in the Night of The long Knives and Stalin killed Trotsky after exiling him to Mexico. Hitler, like Stalin believed in dictatorship as

Is Stalin a Hero or a Villian

1102 words - 5 pages . Not only did Stalin work his people too intensely and with unfair punishments but he also killed people if they resisted or questioned his authority. Millions were killed by Stalin’s secret police, the NKVD for ‘treason” or not supporting Stalin himself or the upbringing of the Soviet Union, this why he was a villain. People could be accused by anyone, a boss, a neighbor, a friend, or family member. Most would be killed or imprisoned

History of the end of slavery either through violent or non-violent means

1445 words - 6 pages freedom was not one that would be silenced. Before long another black men headed the call for freedom.Nat Turner had a religious zeal and a belief that he was the "chosen one" to free himself and his slave brethren. This 31-year-old preacher to the slaves devised a plan of "terror and devastation". "His organized revolt became America's most famous and violent act involving slave resistance. On August 21, 1831, Nat Turner and six other slaves killed

A Non-Pacifist Argument Against Capital Punishment

2756 words - 11 pages or just wars, and my argument is directed against those who do. To refute the retributionist view of capital punishment does require debate about fundamental moral principles. But while a surprisingly large number of non-philosophers cling to retributionist views, that is not, I think, the case amongst either philosophers or morally advanced ordinary citizens. To recapitulate, then, the moral argument against capital punishment has not been

Was slavery in the U.S. a system of ruthless exploitation or a paternalistic arrangement? - Assignment

220 words - 1 page In my opinion yes slavery was a system of ruthless exploitation and no it wasn't, but it definitely wasn't a paternalistic arrangement in any way. I feel as though yes slavery was bad but some people tend to over-exaggerate it by saying things like all slaves were beaten and whipped and slaughtered which isn't really the case. Yes I understand that some slave owners treated their slaves like that but not all of them. Society tends to generalize

Was Adolf Hitler a Madman or Genius?

4124 words - 16 pages , Hitler began painting postcards and living off the meager profits. Soon after, he would abandon art entirely, his dream was never realized, and never would be, he was sucked into the thrall of politics. He gained most of his knowledge of politics and debate during this period in his life, as well as the foundation of his racist views. Penniless and depressed, with a future that was hardly promising, Hitler, like countless others, blamed the Jews

Similar Essays

Non Violent Resistance Beneficial Essay

847 words - 4 pages continue to use violent and not using non-violent resistance, our world won’t have peace because hatred born in everyone and it leads them to use violent against each other. And there will be more people seek to revenge their enemies or opponents; and it never ended. King said, “Violence never brings permanent peace. It solves no social problem; it merely creates new and more complicated ones” (King 1). This shows us clearly that using violence

Effectiveness Of Non Violent Resistance Essay

659 words - 3 pages something. All in all, after reading this essay we can notice that there much effectiveness of non-violent resistance. People around the globe should understand this method and put it in action. Non-violent resistance must be executed in order to have a peaceful world. Also, we are doing this for our children generation and they will be proud of us. Like King mentioned, “By grasping his great opportunity in the South he can make a lasting

How Participation In Social Action Can Serve As A Non Adversarial Approach To Non Violent Resistance

1031 words - 5 pages During the twentieth century the struggle for social change gathered momentum across the world. There are several notable movements that followed a non-violent path and changed the course of history through various means. However, there were few minorities who followed a non-adversarial approach and were able to resist peacefully in the face of over 170 years of oppression and injustice. The Baha’is in Iran have suffered from persecution and

Mohandas Ghandi's Defending Non Violent Resistance Speech And George Orwell's "Shooting And Elephant"

950 words - 4 pages resentment of both government and murder, while the overall attitude in Gandhi's Defending Nonviolent Resistance inclines toward the uprising of government and nonviolent protest. Both writers share attitudes, however both writers convey opposing attitudes towards their government.Mohandas Gandhi emphasizes the use of non-violence in his speech and employs the principle of "spiritual achieve political goals through non-violent