Mandatory Military Service in the United States
The idea that members of a community have the duty to defend it, is as old as civilization itself (Ruschmann 10). The United States has an extensive history, starting with the original thirteen States of involuntary conscription in time of conflict. Citizen’s service is a standard principle of American military service, which places the obligation of service upon citizens to serve and to ensure that the state require those citizens to serve (Dalehite and Birskyte 1). With this obligation, young people will be imbued with a sense of “duty” and being part of the collective effort in which everyone will have and do their part for the benefit of the nation. Thereby, military service in the United States should be compulsory, because it will provide young adults with economic and social benefits that will give them a better understanding of commitment and sacrifice, making them better citizens and great assets to the nation.
Scholars have defined public service as a “motivational force that induces individuals to perform meaningful public service (Dalehite and Birskyte 2).” History shows us the importance of service. The idea of members of a society serving and defending their community is nothing new; actually it’s as old as civilization itself. Starting with the Roman and Greek societies, who establish their militaries not through standing armies, but by requiring every able body male, 18 and older, to be prepare for service when called upon. This helped not only to prepare the nation and people for any conflict, it gave the citizens a sense of duty. These societies created the blueprint for the creation of the “citizen-soldiers”. Before the founding of the United States as a sovereign nation, involuntary service in the military had been a starting point for service to country envisioned by the original colonies. From the arrival of the earliest settlers, similar to the Roman and Greek societies, all able-bodied men were required to serve in their local militia. Service was required for the common defense. This was necessary during this early period in American history because of the early colonist continual conflict with the Native American (Coates 1).
The draft policy for World War II (WWII) provided a good example of a mandatory military service policy that helped build and integrate the military and civilian culture (Dalehite and Birskyte 3). This helped to bring the country together in unity due to the seriousness of the cause. People showed a greater sense of “esprit de corps” or morale and a greater sense of duty during this timeframe. The resulting effect that this had on the nation was strong and was further strengthen by the return of the servicemen and women home from the War. Their influence and the nation’s patriotic zeal imbued all with the will to sacrifice and serve their country in any capacity, thus motivated by the common good. This level of patriotism and service has not been...