This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nonverbal Learning Disorder Essay

1137 words - 5 pages

Learning disabilities are considered to be neurobehavioral disorders (Stewart 2002 p. 4). These disorders are classified as an abnormality in the way that the brain processes information (Stewart 2002 p. 4). It should be noted that neurobehavioral disorders are not considered intellectual disabilities, but rather a difference in cognition, as well as difficulties in the way an individual understands outside stimuli and how the person interacts with the world (Stewart 2002 p. 4). Though learning disorders have traditionally been defined as disorders that explain verbal deficits, recently, there has been a shift in changing the definition of learning disorders to neuropsychological disorders ...view middle of the document...

An estimated ten percent of all individuals with a learning disorder have Nonverbal Learning Disorder (Stewart, 2002, p. 9). Tsatanais & Rouke (1995) and Panos, et al. (2002) found that Nonverbal Learning Disorder is an abnormality in the white matter of the brain, particularly damage (p. 479, p. 510). The more damage there is to the white matter, the greater likelihood that Nonverbal Learning Disorder will manifest in an individual (Tsatanais & Rouke 1995 479). White matter is myelinated neurons in the brain, and the most rapid period of myelination occurs during the first two years of life (Tsatanais & Rouke, 1995 p. 480). Disturbances of white matter most likely occur during this period of rapid myelination, which is caused by dysfunction in the way the axons of the neurons are grown and discarded of (Tsatanais & Rouke, 1995 p. 480).
Research has also found that Nonverbal Learning Disorder may also manifest in abnormalities of the corpus collosum (Panos, et al., 2002, p. 507). The corpus collosum is a bundle of fibers in the brain that connect the two hemispheres, which are heavily myelinated (Panos, et al., 2002, p. 507). The corpus collosum plays a role in cognitive functioning (Panos, et al., 2002, p. 507). If there is an abnormality in it, there may be learning issues, as well as behavioral issues (Panos, et al., 2002, p. 508).
In addition to abnormalities in the white matter and the corpus collosum, recent research has found that the presence of cysts on the brain may play a role in Nonverbal Learning Disorder (Semrud-Clikeman & Fine 2010 p 471). In a study, it was found that 7 out of the 28 children with Nonverbal Learning Disorder in a sample had brain cysts in regions such as the frontal lobe and the cerebellar area (Semrud-Clikeman & Fine 2010 p. 473). Though this study needs further research to back it up, the findings were above what the researchers expected to find (Semrud-Clikeman & Fine 2010 p. 474-75).

Antshel, K.M., & Khan, F.M. (2008). Is there an increased familial prevalence of psychopathology in children with nonverbal learning disorders?. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 41(3), 208-217.
Casey, J.E. (2012). A model to guide the conceptualization, assessment, and diagnosis of nonverbal learning disorder. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26 (35), 35-57
Forrest, B.J. (2004). The utility of math difficulties, internalized psychopathology, and visual-spatial deficits to identify children with the nonverbal learning disability syndrome: Evidence for a visualspatial...

Find Another Essay On Nonverbal Learning Disorder

Children With Autism Essay

1886 words - 8 pages Mental Disorders: Fourth Edition DSM-IV Published by the American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC. Diagnostic features for autistic disorder are the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly occurrences of repetitive behavior. The impaired communication is also marked and sustained and affects both verbal and nonverbal skills. There may be a

Autism Essay

810 words - 4 pages by an individual’s difficulty in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. Recently, genetic specialists have identified a number of rare gene mutations and crossovers associated with autism (The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). In most cases, the disorder appears to be the result of a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development. While all people

Reaching Students With Learning Disabilities

1621 words - 6 pages Dysacusis A hearing disorder affecting the way a person processes sound particularly the pitch, quality, or tone of sounds in speech to the point of causing irritation making it difficult to gather meaning from spoken words. Associated disorders Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) Dysarthria With this learning disorder, speaking is at the forefront of the student’s problems with performance due to damage in the muscles used to produce

Speech and Communication Disorders

584 words - 2 pages Speech and communication disordersSpeech and communication disorders are impairments that affect the ability to communicate, comprehend, and use verbal spoken and written languages, and also other symbol systems, called nonverbal languages (e.g., visual language, body language, etc.). Their severity can range from a few errors, for instance, in uttering speech sounds or words, to a total loss of the ability to effectively communicate. This can

Teaching Strategies for Autism

2256 words - 9 pages Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder is one of many developmental disabilities that affect students learning. In fact, in the United States, Autism is the fastest-growing severe developmental disorder (“What is Autism,” n.d.). Also, the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder is 1 in 68 children and the prevalence in boys is 1 in 42 children (“What is Autism,” n.d.). Furthermore, Autism Spectrum Disorders also affects the way a child learns and

Asperger's Syndrome

1040 words - 4 pages Asperger's SyndromeAsperger's Syndrome (AS), one of the autistic spectrum disorders, is severe and sustained impairment in social interaction and the development of limited or restricted patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Asperger's syndrome is also known as Asperger's disorder. Hans Asperger, a Viennese pediatrician, accurately described children with this syndrome in the 1940's and was officially recognized in the Diagnostic and

Autism Spectrum Disorder

1660 words - 7 pages An estimated 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States (Autism Speaks, n.d.). Can be diagnosed in all racial and ethnic groups, as well as every age group. In the 2013 publication of DSM-5 diagnostic manual, Asperger syndrome, Autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder- not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) were merged into one category of ASD. This paper will

Asperger Syndrome: Implications and Interventio

1436 words - 6 pages various therapies are introduced and enmeshed in daily activities. Asperger’s is unlike other forms of autism because while autistic people tend to stray from social interaction, those with AS frequently do seek companionship and intimacy. They understand it is their peculiar behaviors that make close connections extremely difficult. Learning about this disorder is a reminder to have compassion for peoples quirks, patience with others interests, and an understanding of various limitations in a social context.

Teaching stategies for autism

1132 words - 5 pages neurological disorder characterized by social and communication impairment, repetitive behaviour and delayed speech, and that Theory of Mind is a core deficit in cases of autism (Sorensen, 2009). Autism may exist alongside learning disabilities or other developmental disorders and can also occur with other physical or psychological difficulties. Autism can include those with severe learning disabilities to those who have more subtle problems

Adolescent Learning Disabilities (LD) Evaluation

6768 words - 27 pages harbors a wide gap between his verbal abilities, which are extremely well developed, and his nonverbal/spatial processing abilities, which represent areas of relative and normative weakness for him. In addition to this verbal-nonverbal discrepancy, Ron exhibits several other differences that affect his learning process. His superior verbal comprehension ability (VCI, 95th percentile) is significantly more developed than his average working

Autism Profile

2302 words - 9 pages Definition:In accordance to the IDEA autism is a developmental disability that significantly affects a student's verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and education performance. Under the IDEA a student cannot be autistic if they have are adversely effected by a primary emotional disturbance. Under the definition found in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, they define the Autism Spectrum as a group of five

Similar Essays

Autism Spectrum Disorder Interventions Essay

2010 words - 8 pages people with autism spectrum disorder is limited nonverbal conversation skills. People who suffer from this disorder are unable to interpret nonverbal cues. For example, when two typically developing people are having a conversation and one of these people need to end the conversation there will be clues. They might start walking towards the exit, or backing away from the person who they are talking to. One the other hand, if one of these people

Child Disintegrative Disorder, Asperger's Disorder, Rett's Syndrome

1922 words - 8 pages not noticed by a parent or primary caregiver until it is noticed that the child is not achieving normal developmental milestones. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a severe condition in which a child will develop normally until age 3 or 4, then rapidly lose already learned skills such as communication skills, motor ability, nonverbal behaviors, and social skills over the course of a few months (Zieve, 2012). Theodore Heller originally

Curing Autism Essay

820 words - 4 pages Autism which is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopment disorder that is due to abnormal functioning in social behaviors, language, communication skills, unusual behaviors, and unusual interests or fixations on objects. Autism is a spectrum disorder as the symptoms, abilities, and characteristics are expressed in a variety of ways. There are many symptoms that coincide with Autism. Therefore, there are multiple types

This Is An Essay About The History, Hardships, And Chemical Properties Of Turner's Syndrome

524 words - 2 pages . The problem with growth hormone shots is that they are needed to be consistent, and no one likes getting shots. Estrogen replacement therapy also helps with girls who are going through puberty. The same problem applies with Estrogen replacement therapy and growth hormones, no one likes shots.Turner Syndrome affects a victim's brain as well. Although it does not affect your intelligence, Turner Syndrome can cause Nonverbal Learning Disability (NLD