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North Korea Government Essay

1795 words - 7 pages

North Korea GovernmentKorea's division in 1945 along the 38 parallel was a temporary partition to facilitate Japanese's forces on the Korean Peninsula at the end of World War II. Andrea Matles Savada explains that before the division in 1945 along the 38 parallel, United States and the Soviet Union agreed to temporarily occupy the country as a trusteeship with the zone of control demarcated along the 38th parallel. The purpose of this trusteeship was to establish a Korean provisional government which would become "free and independent in due course". Korea was one nation until 1945, when the country was divided by the United States and the Soviet Union at the end of World War II. The war created two Korean governments, one in the north known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), and another in the south known as the Republic of Korea (ROK). The two Koreas engaged in a hostile war between 1950 and 1953 and remained divided as of today. After division, the South Korea and North Korea took distinctly different paths of development. By 1990 North Korea emerged as a staunch communist society which was governed by a leadership that hardly open the country to the outside world while South Korea evolved into a liberal democracy after many years of military dictatorship.The elections for South Korea were held in the U.S. zone in 1948 for a national assembly, which adopted a republican constitution and elected Syngman Rhee as the nation's president. The incipient republic was proclaimed on Aug. 15 and was apperceived as the licit regime of Korea by the UN on Dec. 12, 1948. While North Korea society revolves around the "religion of Kim II Sungism" and his chuch'e ideology, which is the application of Marxism-Leninism to the North Korean experience. Savada adds, "With the use of autonomy and self-reliance, "chuch'e" has been popularized since 1955 and is now the official guideline for independence in politics, economics, national defense and foreign policy" (Savada xxiii).South Korea use the same system of government as the United State whereby the power is shared among 3 branch of government and no branch has more power than the rest, the President is the head of state and of a multi-party system, the executive power is exercised by the government, the legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly and the judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature and comprises a Supreme Court, appellate courts, and a Constitutional Court. Accord to Sang-Hun, "Agents from the National Intelligence Service of South Korea posted more than 1.2 million twitter messages last year to try to sway public opinion in favor of Park Geun-hye…" (Sang-Hun 1).This mean that the power of the government lies in the hands of its people, and they have a voice when it comes to the affairs of the nation unlike the government system of North Korea where all power lies in one branch of government. Principal Government...

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