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North Or South Essay

2304 words - 10 pages

The American Civil War came to a terrible and bloody end with six hundred thousand casualties and the North winning and the South losing. Southern soldiers returned from the war and found their home in ruins. Lots of people lost their homes, land, businesses, and their way of life. Many Southerners faced starvation due to the high food prices and the widespread of crop failure. The Confederate money that was used by Southerners was now useless. Numerous banks collapsed, and the merchants went bankrupt because people couldn’t pay their debts. The people of the South were penniless and broken. (“Post”)
But once again America was reunited, but its economy was ruined, and was socially and politically damaged. After the Civil War, change was needed. The Civil War helped African Americans get their citizenships, rights to vote, and more importantly, their freedom. On April 11, 1865, President Lincoln introduced his plan for Reconstruction (“Cause”). The Reconstruction was meant to improve and restore America into a successful, united country while helping recently “free” African Americans in society. He warned people that the, years of the Reconstruction would be “fraught with great difficulty.” Three days later he was assassinated (“Cause”). The twelve years after the Civil War was called Reconstruction. The Reconstruction era was an opportunity of change and was an expansion of freedom for former slaves. It was a time where the North and the Republicans were attempting to fix the Southern economy, set up new governments and support the rights of freedmen. There were also many problems and resistance to the Reconstruction process. “…there were so many different views about how Reconstruction should be accomplished, and because so much was at stake, this was a period of tremendous conflict between different groups in the South, between different branches of and political factions in the federal government, and between the federal government and the states of the former Confederacy…” (“Reconstruction”). Rebel groups formed and openly opposed Reconstruction and freedmen. In 1877, the efforts to rebuild the South had officially ended and the people were divided in terms of rich versus poor, native‐born versus immigrant, and worker versus capitalist. In the former Confederate states, despite all the efforts for a New South after Reconstruction, tensions still continued to focus on the relationships between African Americans and white Americans.
The year 1876 was an important year for America; it was the hundredth anniversary of The Declaration of Independence. The United States were creating great opportunities for many Americans and immigrants so they could pursue their hopes and dreams. Unfortunately the election of 1876 crushed the dreams of millions of African Americans. Oddly, the election was the same year as the celebration of the United States’ freedom from England while the U.S. was ending its effort to protect the freedom of African Americans...

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