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Northern Canadian Health Policies Essay

7272 words - 29 pages

By examining the health policy and politics in Canada’s northern region from a historical perspective we see we see ever changing policies that reflect changing values. The determents of health are used as an analytical tool to tease out the failings of the intergovernmental approaches of the Canadian government towards First Nations and Inuit, in particular the Homelessness. The Homelessness is used for two reasons. The first being that Homelessness presents numerous health problems and the overcrowding associated may have contributed to the near problems of tuberculosis associated among First Nations and Inuit Communities. The second reason being, First Nations and Inuit the jurisdiction of health care coverage becomes even more convoluted. The tertiary reason being that they exemplify the issue of values in that these people who may feel unvalued and may not be valued by their community and society lack real representation within the health politics landscape.
Fourthly as we see from this paper there main contributing factors that lead to homelessness and if we assume socioeconomic is a determinant of health the implication is that the current political policies and politics present structured inequities that contribute to diminished health.
The impact of values with respect to the Northern Regions health policy and politics is further examined through a historical investigation of government institutes, political actors, and culture. The interesting factor is that the dispersion of responsibilities between the province and the federal level for the most part should allow for cultural influence to be addressed more effectively. However this leads to severe conflicts when examined in relation to the first nation and Inuit.

The Value of the Social Determinants of Health as an Analytical Tool

This section of the discourse will attempt to address the main insights offered by paying attention to the social determinants of health, the importance of this approach in regard to health policy while questioning are some determinants more important than others.
A more contemporary perspective of the determinants of health is then examined to allow for a method to explore how one might prioritize the determinants. The determinants of health can best be understood by considering how they coalesce. Let assume that the determinants of health are similar to Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory. Though the needs and motives in Maslow’s discourse coalesce at given times and stages, as priorities vary so may the importance of the determinants of health.
Canada has had a diverse history of conflict between provincial and federal government regarding health policy. Arguments have been placed forward suggesting progress has been made, and where there has been a failure to achieve progress, in has been a result of intergovernmental roles. The Canadian health policy infrastructure has been described as fragmented, decentralized fragile yet...

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