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Northern Ireland Essay

1257 words - 5 pages

Northern Ireland General facts capital: Belfast population: approximately 1.5 million people size: 5,500 square miles equal to 14139 square kilometres religion: 50,6 Protestants (mainly British by culture) 38.4 Roman Catholics (mainly Irish by culture) - Catholics are associated with Irish Nationalism and the restoration of self government - Protestants regard the Catholic′s demands as a threat to their Protestant life and Northern Ireland economy - highest number of unemployed people within the UK - depend on government subsidy, public sector to provide jobs and social welfare as well as unemployment benefit - use the British pound sterling, several banks print notes that are only can be used in Northern Ireland - longest river Shannon (386 km) - biggest sea Lough Neagh (382 square kilometres) - along the border 450 kilometres several guards of the British Army Politics Northern Ireland consists of 6 counties1 The New Northern Ireland Assembly was established as part of the ′Good Friday Agreement′.Under the Agreement , the Assembly has full legislative and executive authority in respect of those matters previously within the remit of 6 Northern Ireland government departments: Department of Agriculture Department of Economic Development Department of Education Department of the Environment Department of Finance and Personnel Department of Health and Social Services Under the Northern Ireland Act of 74 the UK parliament approves all laws for NI and NI departments under the direction and control of a UK cabinet Minister, the Secretary of State for NI. Under the system of direct rule the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland has overall responsibility, through the Northern Ireland Office, for political and criminal justice, policy and community relations History 16 Easter Rising Rebellion by Pro-home rule Irish 20/21 Partition 26 counties became Irish Free State 6 counties Northern Ireland First Northern Ireland Parliament opens, reason: one might suppose it was because the north-east was the most wealthy part 49 Irish free State became a republic and left the Commonwealth NI remained part of the UK but wasn′t governed by Westminster (has devolved form of government based in Stormont) the Government is Protestant 68 Civil rights march was harshly treated by the police, which led to rioting and clashes between Catholics and Protestants, "the troubles" began 69 British troops were sent to protect Catholics and restore order 70 IRA reorganised and began its campaign of violence 72 "Bloody Sunday" devolved Stormont Parliament was replaced by direct rule from Westminster various attempts to find a solution failed (e.g. power sharing executive) 85 Anglo-Irish Agreement signed by Thatcher and Fitzgerald (opposed by many Ulster Unionists) 93 Downing Street Declaration signed by Major and Albert 94 IRA cessetation of military operations in order to help the democratic peace process 97 Sinn Fein affirm their commitment to democracy...

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