Northern Ireland Essay

1591 words - 6 pages

Diplomacy does not happen overnight, and the true tale of hardship and bickering over Northern Ireland is proof of that. Ireland and England failed to agree on who held the power of Northern Ireland for over 30 years until the Good Friday Agreement, a form of diplomacy between the countries, took place. Before that time, many soldiers and innocent citizens of Northern Ireland lost their lives. Religious fights broke out between Catholic and Protestant residents. Political figures from countries like Wales and the United States came together to help put an end to the bitter relations of the European countries (Delaney). After many years of hard feelings and failed attempts at bringing peace to Ireland and England, the countries came together to try to work things out. Slowly, Northern Ireland created its own identity, and the troubles started to fade away.
The troubles refer to the age-old disputes over the control of Northern Ireland. Even though the arguments lasted for several centuries, things did not turn extremely violent until the 1960’s (Delaney). Many terrorists entered Northern Ireland during that time. Terrorists who entered the country were said to be okay, and there was nothing wrong with them. Letting the terrorists slip by without stopping them had very deadly consequences. Thousands of people died because of the terrorists invading Northern Ireland. Very few tried to stop the terrorists from coming into Northern Ireland (Graham). Those who did attempt to stop the terrorists were unsuccessful (De Breadun).
The Irish and British governments fought for many years over the ownership of Northern Ireland. Britain had main control over Northern Ireland, and Ireland did not think that was fair. Before the 1980s, the British government would not allow the Irish government to be a part of the affairs of Northern Ireland. In the 1980s, however, they decided to loosen up (Lace 62). Even though they eventually shared power, Britain had more control over Northern Ireland than Ireland did (Delaney). After agreeing to share power to an extent, the governments of England, Ireland, and Northern Ireland held over two years of peace talks (De Breadun). Some residents of Northern Ireland were fed up with their own government more than the other governments. Margaret Grahm described one of her country’s leaders, Mo Mowlam as, “an amoral woman because she does not appear to know the difference between right and wrong” (Delaney).
Reuniting Ireland was a heated topic for many years. Ireland felt the country as a whole should be united. Until 1996, England would not even consider it (Delaney). Allowing Northern Ireland to be reunited with Ireland could have been a major loss for England. After much discussion, England, still the country with the most power over Northern Ireland, agreed to allow Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland to work together. The relations between the Republic of Ireland and Northern...

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