Northern Ireland Gcse Coursework, Question 1.

1002 words - 4 pages

The former British Prime Minister David Lloyd George was desperate to find an end to the Irish conflict. He therefore imposed the 'partition' in 1922. Ulster was split into six counties: Fermanagh, Tyrone, Armagh, Down, Antrim and Londonderry now officially called Northern Ireland.As you can see from the map above the Catholics were the minority in Northern Ireland. Because they were a minority, this left them disadvantaged. They were poorer, less educated left out of high ranked positions leaving them with a bad way of life.Segregation was a key concept in the employment of Catholics and Protestants. Many industries and businesses employed only Catholics or Protestants. Often it was connected to the location of the business. For example the county Atrium was mainly protestant because it was situated in a protestant area, most of the jobs would go to the Protestants. Because Northern Ireland was controlled by the Protestants there wont be much jobs going to Catholics. The Belfast shipyard - the biggest single source of employment in the city. It employed 10,000 workers of whom 400 were catholic. Unionist policies in keeping Catholics out of jobs led the Catholics to a poor and terrible life. It was a bit like the black Americans being ruled out of human rights by the white Americans. Policies to keep Catholics out of good jobs were even supported by former Northern Ireland prime minister Basil Brookes who said, "There are a great number of orange men who employ Roman Catholics.... I would appeal to loyalists therefore possible to employ protestant lads and lassies". Here Basil Brookes is saying don't employ Roman Catholics just employ Protestants. This goes to show how even one of the prime ministers of Northern Ireland even supported the discrimination policies Catholics had to face. Of about 75 school bus drivers in Fermanagh, all but seven were Protestant. A school bus driver would have been a decent job, good pay and good holidays; Protestants would have mostly filled jobs such as these. Fermanagh council employed 370 people: Protestants filled 322 of the posts including the top ones, and Fermanagh was more then half catholic. In the long term this led to Catholics having to struggle to live. This shows how the unionists are trying to keep the Protestants from good paid jobs and jobs with high authority. Prime minister Terrence O'Neil tried to make Northern Irelands jobs fairly allocated both to Protestants and to Catholics but organisations such as the Ulster Protestant Action formed by Ian Paisley. The organisation issued documents to the Protestant people. One of the documents issued said "Keep Protestants and loyal workers in employment in times of depression in preference to their fellow Catholic workers". Organisations such as the Ulster Protestant action prevented Prime Minister O'Neil in advantaging the rights of Catholics.The housing trust built 100,000 desperately needed new houses. These should have been allocated fairly between...

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