Organized crime is a global problem. It now not only includes the ever so cliché Italian and Sicilian mobsters we all have seen movies based on but now, encompasses the Russian mobesters who left after Soviet Union collapsed. African groups that are escalating the drug trafficking problem. Chinese tongs, Japanese Boryokudan and other Asian crime groups and Eastern European nations that are so big into the human trafficking that is a global epidemic. Organized crime groups can manage to manipulate financial markets, labor unions and even legitimate industries. They bring drugs and raise violence they buy off officials and use extortion and intimidation to keep their unlegitimate enterprises afloat that include prostitution and human trafficking. They cause our countries millions because of fraud and financial scams. Global organized crime brings $1 trillion dollars into their pockets.
It is believed that modern organized crime began in Italy in the 19th Century with the Sicilian group La Cosa Notra and other Sicilian mafia were more powerful than the Italian government. When Mussolini rose to power he ran out the Italian mafia and many fled to the United States.
In 1970, Congress passed the Organized Crime Control Act. The acts purpose was to eradicate organized crime by expanding evidence gathering tools, including more acts as being crimes, enhancing penalties, and allowing the forfeiture of products owned by criminal enterprises. The Rackateer Influenced and Corrupts Organizations Act (RICO) was also a cornerstorne in the fight against organized crime. RICO is a set of statutes that specificially define certain crimes and set a strict guide of punishments for those crimes. Modern organized criminal enterprises make money by specializing in a variety of crimes, including extortion, blackmail, gambling, loan-sharking, political corruption, and the manufacture and sale of illicit narcotics.
African criminal enterprises have become a rapid force since the 1980s. Globalization of worlds economies and advances in communications not to mention easier international world trade, and cross national financial transactions have led to them to branch out internationally. Nigerian criminal enterprises are the more significant and operate in more countries. They are the most aggressive of the African enterprises and are engaged in drug trafficking and financial frauds. The more profitable being the drug trafficking delivering heroin from Asia into Europe and the the United States and cocaine from South America into Europe and South Africa.
Asian criminal enterprises have been operating here in the United State since the early 1900s. The first being Chinese tongs, formed by early Chinese-American immigrants. They are still thriving today. The most dominant Asian criminal enterprises have cultural ties to China, Korea, Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. There are two categories of Asian criminal enterprises. Traditional...