"'now That The Cold War Has Ended, Realism Can No Longer Explain Global Politics". Critically Analyse This Statement.

1449 words - 6 pages

1. 'Now that the Cold War has ended, realism can no longer explain global politics'. Critically analyse this statement.The rise of the Soviet Union and the United States during the 1945 period is of great importance to international history and politics. This is because the affairs of these two superpowers affected all the other nations in the globe in one way or the other. This time period of East-West tensions is popularly known as the era of the cold war. [1] Each time a significant matter such as a war (e.g. World Wars, Cold War, and Current Terrorist Attacks) arises man has no choice but to seek the help of the theories for an answer. Realism is one of those theories among many that attempt to explain world politics. [2] The theory of realism and its different forms have dominated the study of international relations/politics but is clearly a family of theories rather than a monolithic concept. [3].__________________________________________________________________[1] John Baylis and Steve Smith (eds), The Globalisation of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, 3rd edition (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005), p. 98.[2] John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalisation of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, 2005, pp. 3-4.[3] Lynn-Jones and Sean M, Realism and America's rise: (theory of realism and its applications to the study of international relations), International Security, Vol23, No.2, 1998, p.157(26).Interpretations of realists such as the assumption that the state as the unitary actor, the anarchic nature of world politics, expansions of military power as the principal politic strategy became a very significant element in the field of international politics for centuries. One of the main reasons was because it blended well with the growing expansions of the states and the colonial rule in theworld. The core thinking of their ideas flourished in the cold war. Realist theories provided valid explanations on US foreign policy and this era was considered as the golden age of Realism. During the 1980s and 1990s practicality of world politics were challenged by the many changes such as the end of the cold war, contemporary process of globalization and the product of transnational market forces decreasing the importance of a state's territorial boundaries, economic and political role. But however after the end of the cold war until today realism has been through many ups and downs. [4]Realisms strongest muscle is challenging the liberal view of the end of the cold war and questioning the actual extent to which their optimistic view in the spread f democracy in the growth of free trade and the general pacification of world politics will have traction in the future. But we can say that the September 11th attack on the world trade centre and the pentagon of the United States of America__________________________________________________________________[4] M. Shamsul Haque, The revival of realism in...

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