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Nr103 Chile Essay

1224 words - 5 pages

The country of Chile stretches around 2,500 miles from the bottom of South America to the Tropic of Capricorn. This vast area gives Chile multiple climates because of its reach from the tropics to the Antarctic. The Pacific Ocean with the Humboldt Current, and the Andes Mountains also influence Chile’s climate. The climate can be broken down into three main categories: subtropical deserts, temperate rain forest, and tundra. The main catastrophic natural disaster is occasionally earthquakes, or tsunamis.
Generally the climate cools as you move south through the country. The Pacific Ocean holds the temperatures in a moderate range so that there are not dramatic temperature changes between ...view middle of the document...

This area continues to have the temperate rain forest, and has frequent rainfall, an average of 2,600 mm each year with areas receiving more than 4,000 mm. This is also an area of high humidity.
North Patagonia region is characterized by high winds, precipitation, and humidity off the ocean. South Patagonia averages 2 degrees Celsius in the winter and 10.6 degrees Celsius in the summer. The winds average 30-40 kilometers per hour with gusts up to 100 kilometers per hour. The annual precipitation is 425 mm.
The Andes Mountains contribute to the climate of Chile as well as forming its own border. This mountain range continues to grow and is home to over fifty active volcanoes. The Andes have their own array of climates throughout. They have a very high snow line. In Chile the Andes have to main climates, warm temperatures with a dry season, and warm temperatures with high precipitation. Overall the Andes are known as a highland climate.
The Humboldt Current cools all regions of Chile. This current originates in the Antarctic water, and teams up with strong southwesterly winds to have strong impact on the Chilean climate. This current is also known as the Peru Current and has one of the most productive marine ecosystems in the world. The current is an upwelling of deep, cool, nutrient filled waters. The cool waters contribute to the creation of the dense fogs that roll onto the coast of Chile. The cool waters are recognized as some of the best fisheries in the world. However, the warm waters of El Nino can be devastating to fish populations. It can take the fisheries years to recover.
On February 27, 2010 Chile experienced an Earthquake that demolished buildings, killed five hundred twenty one people, and an estimated thirty billion dollars were lost. That earthquake was a magnitude 8.8 and triggered a tsunami. The 10 meter high wave demolished coastal communities. There was a high rate of mortality of intertidal species. After the quake many plant and animal species colonized where they had not been in many years due to the armoring humans had implemented. Once the quake and tsunami had demolished the man-made walls, biota was able to diversify and rediscover intertidal zones. The main lesson we as humans can take from this is that nature creates her own boundaries and our man-made walls cause more harm than we realize. Earthquakes continue to be a threat. On November 1st a 6.6 magnitude earthquake hit off the coast of Chile. Although no damage was recorded, the impact on wildlife would not be included in...

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