Nsjngjnfu Oaisn Ksndfln Essay

2227 words - 9 pages

DIAGNÓSTICO AMBIENTAL LOCAL PUENTE ARANDA La localidad de Puente Aranda congrega diferentes actividades de tipo industrial, comercial, residencial e institucional que desencadenan problemáticas ambientales y conflictos sociales, lo que redunda en el detrimento de la calidad del ambiente y por ende de la calidad de vida.
Dentro del Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial de Bogotá (Decreto 190 de 2004), la localidad es una de las dos zonas industriales de la ciudad, en la cual se establecen circuitos productivos que encadenan actividades industriales consideradas de alto impacto ambiental. La mayor densidad de predios con uso industrial se localiza en los barrios Centro Industrial, Salazar Gómez y Ortezal (UPZ Puente Aranda), Pensilvania e industria Centenario (UPZ Zona industrial), y en La Pradera, Trinidad y San Rafael Industrial (UPZ San Rafael).
La localidad de acuerdo al registro Mercantil de la Cámara de Comercio de Bogotá (CCB) para el año 2006, registro 14.140 establecimientos formalmente constituidas, de las cuales predominan con un 84,7% las microempresas, 11,3%l a pequeña empresa, 3% la mediana y un 1% las grandes empresas. Con relación al sector empresarial1, los dos de mayor presencia en la localidad son Comercio y reparación de vehículos automotores e Industrias manufactureras de acuerdo a los siguientes porcentajes de participación:
SECTOR MICRO PEQUEÑA MEDIANA GRANDE Comercio y reparación de vehículos automotores 44,1% 33,6% 29,6% 21,8%
Industrias manufactureras 23,0% 42,4% 49,3% 57,0% Datos de la CCB (2006). Ahora bien, los anteriores datos se pueden complementar de acuerdo al
censo del 2005 (DANE, 2005, Citado por Secretaría Distrital de Planeación, 2009), teniendo en cuenta que se incorporan aquellas actividades productivas que no se encontraban registradas en la CCB. De tal forma se identificaron en la localidad un total de 19.130 organizaciones, es decir 4.990 establecimientos sin registro mercantil. Del total de organizaciones, el sector comercio con un 47.6% es el de mayor presencia, seguido del sector de servicios con 28,9% y el sector industrial con 15,8%.
En Puente Aranda el promedio de personas empleadas en el mes anterior al censo del 2005 fue de 132.596, que con relación a la ubicación geográfica se resaltan las UPZ´s Zona Industrial con el 35,3% y Puente Aranda 29,8%, las otras UPZ´s presentan porcentajes cercanos al 10%. Y con relación al sector productivo donde se encontraban empleadas, es el sector industrial con un 43,6% quién lidera el empleo en la localidad, seguido del sector comercio (30%) y el sector servicios que empleo al 26,4% de las personas (Secretaría Distrital de Planeación, 2009).
1 Los sectores productivos analizados por la CCB son: Comercio y reparación de vehículos automotores, Industrias manufactureras,...

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