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The Benefits Of Nuclear Power Plants

796 words - 4 pages

Nuclear energy comes a process called nuclear fission, which is when the atoms are split. Nuclear fission is done in a power plant by fission reactors that split the atoms; this process is used to produce the steam that is needed to make the turbines move in order to create electricity.
A nuclear power plant is a steam driven plant where the source of the energy comes from a nuclear reactor. A nuclear reactor is where the process of fission takes place and is where the energy is produced. The core is the fissionable material. Although nuclear plants are more expense to build in the long run they end up costing less then traditional power plants because they are less expensive to run.
There are many different parts inside of the nuclear power plant that have an important impact on making sure everything is going smoothly. Such as
• The containment vessel: This vessels purpose is to protect against radiation leaking out of the power plant into the environment.
• Control Rods: regulates the rate that the heat is generated in the nuclear reaction, if the operator wanted to shut down the plant he would have to completely submerge the rod into the coolant.
• Steam line: where the steam collected goes through to get to the turbines.
• Pump: These pumps are very critical in the safety functions of the plant, the pumps constantly have coolant going throughout the nuclear reactor
• Turbine: where the steam goes and where the electricity is made
• Cooling Water Condenser: Sends the newly cooled liquid back to the steam generator to keep the core temperature regulated.
These are only a few parts that help make sure that the power plant is running a safe.
Safety is always an important part of any power plant; there are laws and regulations in place to make sure that the public’s safety is not at risk. In terms of a nuclear power plant safety has to be an important factor because of how much radiation is at risk everyday of leaking into the environment. One nuclear disaster would be nuclear meltdowns, which occur because if of generating too much heat that cannot be cold down which then makes the core create too much fission and the temperature continues to go up uncontrolled. In the end melts down the plant, which is how radiation gets...

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