Nuclear Disarmament Essay

1213 words - 5 pages

A brief introduction to your country and its history concerning the topic and committee
Since the start of the United Nations, we as a world have been working towards peaceful uses of nuclear technology. The United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China are offically declared nuclear weapons states of the world. To date, there are thirty-nine countries in the world (with the exception of the five weapons states) who are capable of producing nuclear weapons (“Disarmamment/Nuclear Non- Proliferation”). Indonesia has the capabilities, but does not have a nuclear weapons program (“Indonesia”).
How the issue affects your country
Despite the opposition to nuclear proliferation, Indonesia is an active participant in the Non-Alligned Movement (NAM) and is highly critical of policies that potentially limit the access of technologies to non-nuclear weapon states for peaceful use of nuclear materials. Currently, Indonesia and the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) have worked closely together on more domestic nuclear sector. “The three existing sites which include research reactors are: the Bandung Nuclear Complex, with a 2MWt TRIGA Mark II reactor; the Yogyakarta Nuclear Complex, with a 100kW Kartini TRIGA Mark II reactor; and the Serpong Nuclear Complex, which houses the 30MWt G.A. Siwabessy Multipurpose Research Reactor”. There are concerns about the safety and security of Indonesia’s nuclear materials. In July 2012, Indonesia installed its first radiation portal monitor (RPM) at the port of Belawan. The monitor, donated by the IAEA, will be used to detect nuclear or radioactive substinces that may enter the seaport (“Indonesia”).
Your country's policies with respect to the issue and your country's justification for these policies
In 2006, the Indonesian government promulugated an energy policy that aimed to diversify the domestic energy supply by adding nuclear power. It called for several more nuclear power plants to be constructed. The first plant was supposed to be completed by 2016, but the deadline has been extended due to political disagreements (“Indonesia”).
Statistics to back up your country's position on the issue
A 2006 energy policy in Indonesia called for “new and renewable” resources - including nuclear - to comprimise 5% of Indonesia’s total domestic energy mix by 2020. The Fukishima crisis put a dent in Indonesia’s plan to construct several nuclear powerplants. In June 2011, Indonesians were polled on their views about nuclear power after the Fukishima crisis. 66% of Indonesians opposed nuclear power; at least 27% of people linked their perception to Fukishima. Despite the majority of Indonesians and urging of the United States, Indonesia will not change its position on nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, and peaceful uses of nuclear technoogy (Lieggi).
Actions taken by your government with regard to the issue
In 1970, Indonesia signed the Treaty on the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and in...

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