Nuclear Power Plants And Nuclear Energy

2258 words - 9 pages

Nuclear power plants and nuclear energy came to be with the discovery of uranium. Uranium was discovered by a German Scientist Martin Klaproth in 1789 (Uranium). The discovery of uranium led to future developments of new technology such as nuclear power plants. Obninsk was a city built in 1946 from the orders of Josef Stalin to carry out research in nuclear physics. German scientists that were captured during the cold war helped soviet scientist and others from around the world build the world’s first nuclear power plant in 1954 (Miteva). Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi both fled their respective countries to move to America. Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt and warned him about the dangers of atomic technology in Axis hands and pushed for atomic research. The project to build an atomic bomb was nicknamed the Manhattan project. This project would employ 120,000 people which all had to keep it a secret. It was so secret that vice president Truman didn’t hear of the Manhattan project until he became president. By 1945 the first test of the atomic bomb was completed and the project was successful (The Manhattan Project). The world would never be the same with the development of nuclear bombs and nuclear power plants. Nuclear power plants are changing how the world today works. Today there are hundreds of nuclear power plants all over the world producing energy. Nuclear power plants today are a controversial topic when it comes to providing electricity for the world. There are many who think that there should be more nuclear power plants built and there are others that disagree and think that there should not be more construction of nuclear power plants. The long term effects of nuclear power plants warrant the halt of more nuclear power plants being built because of factors such as maintenance, natural disasters, and waste disposal.
The Three Mile Accident was the worst nuclear power plant accident in the United States history. The accident occurred in 1979 when a minor malfunction in the secondary cooling unit caused a rise in temperature in the primary coolant. As a result this caused the reactor to shut down, which took only about a second. After shutdown “the pilot-operated relief valve on the reactor cooling system opened, as it was supposed to. About 10 seconds later it should have closed. But it remained open, leaking vital reactor coolant water into the reactor coolant drain tank. The operators believed the relief valve had shut because instruments showed them that a ‘close’ signal was sent to the valve. However, they did not have an instrument indicating the valve’s actual position” (Three Mile Island Accident). This resulted in damage being caused to the reactor core. This accident was caused from inexperience workers and problems from machines that should have been built differently. If there had been an actual instrument that provided the position of the valve the damages from this accident could have been far less....

Find Another Essay On Nuclear Power Plants and Nuclear Energy

Waste, Radiation, and Danger; The Hanford Nuclear Power Plants.

1092 words - 4 pages should have been substituted for a more environmentally/human friendly energy source.Nuclear power plants all use fission to make energy, fission is the splitting of atoms, and in this process energy is released.The first large-scale nuclear reactors were built in 1944 at Hanford, Washington, for the production of nuclear weapons material. The fuel was natural uranium metal; the moderator, graphite. Plutonium was produced in these plants by neutron

Nuclear energy. Essay

563 words - 2 pages radioactive was released into the atmosphere. Spent fuel from nuclear power plants is toxic for centuries, and as of yet there is no safe permanent way of storing it, also transporting nuclear fuel to and from the plant poses a high risk, but to date a good safety record has been kept in most nuclear countries.I think the use of nuclear energy is a good thing for the future and because there is always something new being learnt about it there are always

Nuclear Energy

925 words - 4 pages way of human being takes a part to burn throughout them, and will never stay. It is not just impossible to realize energy that stays forever, doing so much to have some negative side effects. Nuclear power is the use of sustained nuclear fission to generate heat and do useful work. Nuclear Electric Plants, Nuclear Ships and Submarines use controlled nuclear energy to heat water and produce steam, while in space, nuclear energy decays naturally

Nuclear Energy

1030 words - 4 pages energy may be released by a nuclear reaction. Nuclear energy is housed in a nuclear reactor. There are many types of nuclear reactors such as a pressurized water reactor.There is no specific place where nuclear nergy may be found, neither is there a special geographical place a nuclear power plant must be located. There are many hundreds of nuclear power plants throughout the world, not to mention, many military and research reactors. In the

Nuclear Energy

1094 words - 4 pages . Nuclear energy comes from the fission of uranium, plutonium, or thorium or the fusion of hydrogen into helium. “Fission is defined as the splitting of atomic nuclei spontaneously or because of the absorption of a nucleus.” (Source 1) It produces radioactivity in the form of heat, smaller nuclei, and neutrons. Fusion is just the opposite. It is the coming together of two atomic nuclei. Most power plants today used the fission of

Nuclear Energy

959 words - 4 pages drawing conclusions about risk versus reward of nuclear energy use. As we all can see all energy sources have drawbacks even the clean hydropower, some of the advantages of clean hydropower energy are as follow: Nuclear power generation does emit relatively low amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). The emissions of Greenhouse gases and therefore the contribution of nuclear power plants to global warming is therefore relatively little. Now the

Nuclear Energy - 1143 words

1143 words - 5 pages Energy is fundamental item used in making things work. Plants and animals use it to power their bodies and humans use it to power everything else. The problem happens to be the source in which the energy originates. The energy source used right now is burning coal. It is very dirty and it results in massive CO2 emissions. Scientists are looking for alternative energy resources. One of the sources they discovered is nuclear energy. Nuclear energy

Nuclear Energy - 1256 words

1256 words - 6 pages very cost effective energy source, many countries had developed nuclear power plants throughout their countries because of it’s incredible power output ratio. Despite nuclear energy being a controversial topic, its incomparable energy output, its environmentally friendly procedure, and its high cost to savings ratio dwarfs the slight negative outlook to the enterprise. While nuclear energy is naturally occurring, the controversial topic of nuclear

Nuclear Energy

2120 words - 8 pages remarkable. The first nuclear power plant was opened in the former Soviet Union in 1955 (Snedden). And by the 1960’s nuclear power had been established as a quality energy source. Nuclear power plants are much like coal or natural gas power plants because they use fission energy to heat water into steam, which powers turbines in generators that make electricity. Uranium-235 is packed in hollow rods at the core of a reactor; these rods

Nuclear Energy

1830 words - 7 pages world of nuclear energy. In 1905 he released his theory of the famous equation e=mc2 with this he knew that uranium was able to create masses of electricity. A few years later, scientists found out the great power of the atomic energy. Since then, both scientist and the public were unable to find the best fit for nuclear energy in our society. We have put it into power plants, but the government and public were disappointed by accidents. We have

Nuclear Energy - 1398 words

1398 words - 6 pages cheaper they get per kWh. Wind for example is cheaper that nuclear per kWh.Conclusion It has come to my attention as a scientist, that due to the above positives and negatives concerning whether or not nuclear power should be developed as a solution to Australia?s future energy needs, that natural energy plants such as wind, water and solar, should be adopted instead. Although nuclear proves to be a brilliant source of energy because of its

Similar Essays

Nuclear Power Plants Essay

961 words - 4 pages jobs to be much safer than believed to be. The materials are also a lot safer to maintain than other types of energy sources. The expansion of nuclear power plants could lower carbon emissions while meeting energy needs. Given these points, nuclear power plants can benefit in being environmentally friendly and can be less expensive than coal and natural gas production; not including the construction of them. Although they do not emit any

Nuclear Power Plants Are Safe Essay

875 words - 4 pages Nuclear Association | Nuclear Power - a Sustainable Energy Resource. Jan. 2011. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. . Sanger, David E., Matthew L. Wald, and Hiroko Tabuchi. "US Calls Radiation 'Extremely High;' Sees Japan Nuclear Crisis Worsening." The New York Times 17 Mar. 2011. New York Times. 16 Mar. 2011. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. . "Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Oversight of Nuclear Power Plant Safety Has Improved, but Refinements Are Needed: GAO-06-1029." GAO Reports (2006): 1. Business Source Premier. EBSCO. Web. 18 Mar. 2011.

Nuclear Energy And Nuclear Power Outside Of Wwii

1806 words - 8 pages Most people only know of the nuclear power that went to nuclear warfare and the bombs that were a part of World War II. However, nuclear has made a name for itself in the last seventy years or so. There are plants all over the country, most are east of the Mississippi, but there is quite a bit to the west as well. There is a total of one hundred in the country, the quad cities alone has two nuclear power plants. All over the world plants have

The Differences Among Nuclear Power Plants And Wind Farms

1141 words - 5 pages assumption based on the safety of the plant (22-23). Because there are so many security aspects to the safety of nuclear power plants, there are less chances of destruction and more opportunities for energy production. In “Nuclear Power,” Brian Fowlers says “Nuclear power is the only energy source we can rely upon at present with any certainty for massive contributions to our energy needs up to the end of the century, and if necessary beyond