Nuclear Strikes Essay

2251 words - 9 pages

Nuclear StrikesScientifically, there is no obstacle for a nuclear or atomic bomb. Thereare no secrets in Nuclear Science anymore. Anyone with a reasonable physicsdegree and access to a good technical library could design a workable atomicbomb in less than 6 months, so why hasn't anyone. Maybe there has been,no one is exactly sure. In the last 52 years there has been enough nuclearwarheads made to destroy every city in the world and still have thousands leftover.(Church 40) This all happened during the Cold War, a period of 45 years (1947-1991), between mainly the two superpowers (United States and the SovietUnion). Other nations were involved, and 2 wars were fought over it (Koreaand Vietnam) and a nuclear war was almost waged (Cuban Missile Crisis).Now with the breakup of the Soviet Union into a loose Commonwealthno one is exactly sure who has all the weapons. Certain nations inheritedthem, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Russia, while others tried stealingthem, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. And since the breakup certain peoplehave been caught stealing the materials needed to make a bomb. Theseterrorists have never been caught in the United States but numerous times inEurope.(www.pbs.org) As a matter of fact, the Russians say someone stole a bombsimulator, which will explode and make mushroom cloud but has no nuclearcomponent.(Wilkie) People know that despite efforts to keep control on the oldSoviet stockpile and waste, terrorists are getting the plutonium anduranium needed to make nuclear weapons to kill masses of people.This is kind of the history of the nuclear & atomic bomb: (all from Williams)The first atomic bomb was thought up by Albert Einstein in the late30's. In 1942 Enrico Fermi brought about first nuclear reaction with isotopeUranium 235. From this the Manhattan Project was brought about and tookplace in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Then July 16, 1945 near Alamogordo,New Mexico world's first atomic bomb was set off. Three weeks later on August6, 1945 'Little Boy' hit Hiroshima and had the force of 26 million pounds ofTNT. Next on August 9, 1945 'Fat Man' missed it's mark but stilldevastated Nagasaki causing an unconditional surrender by the Japanese.Then in 1946 the United Nations tried to outlaw the weapons but the Sovietsused their veto power against it. Finally in 1949 they developed their ownweapons. In 1952 the first hydrogen bomb was made with a force of 800Hiroshima's. In 1953 the Russians did it too (thanks to the Rosenberg's).In 1958 the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union stoppedtesting but in 1961 France started. Then the Cuban Missile Crisis happened.This event was the closest we have ever come to a nuclear war. This eventit really kind of woke the United States and Soviet Union up about whatcould happen. Because of this a direct phoneline was set up between the Kremlinand the white house.The main question today is who has control of the weapons. Theformer superpower Russia is in political turmoil. Now...

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